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The Management of Type 1 Diabetes in Adults. A Consensus Report by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD)

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  1. Inflammation, Hyperglycemia, and Adverse Outcomes in Individuals With Diabetes Mellitus Hospitalized for COVID-19

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  2. Factors Associated With Nonattendance in a Nationwide Screening Program for Diabetic Retinopathy: A Register-Based Cohort Study

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  3. Effect of Loss-of-Function Genetic Variants in PCSK9 on Glycemic Traits, Neurocognitive Impairment, and Hepatobiliary Function

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  4. Circulating Free Fatty Acid and Phospholipid Signature Predicts Early Rapid Kidney Function Decline in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes

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  • Richard I G Holt
  • J Hans DeVries
  • Amy Hess-Fischl
  • Irl B Hirsch
  • M Sue Kirkman
  • Tomasz Klupa
  • Barbara Ludwig
  • Kirsten Nørgaard
  • Jeremy Pettus
  • Eric Renard
  • Jay S Skyler
  • Frank J Snoek
  • Ruth S Weinstock
  • Anne L Peters
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The American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) convened a writing group to develop a consensus statement on the management of type 1 diabetes in adults. The writing group has considered the rapid development of new treatments and technologies and addressed the following topics: diagnosis, aims of management, schedule of care, diabetes self-management education and support, glucose monitoring, insulin therapy, hypoglycemia, behavioral considerations, psychosocial care, diabetic ketoacidosis, pancreas and islet transplantation, adjunctive therapies, special populations, inpatient management, and future perspectives. Although we discuss the schedule for follow-up examinations and testing, we have not included the evaluation and treatment of the chronic microvascular and macrovascular complications of diabetes as these are well-reviewed and discussed elsewhere. The writing group was aware of both national and international guidance on type 1 diabetes and did not seek to replicate this but rather aimed to highlight the major areas that health care professionals should consider when managing adults with type 1 diabetes. Though evidence-based where possible, the recommendations in the report represent the consensus opinion of the authors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume44
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)2589-2625
Number of pages37
ISSN1935-5548
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

© 2021 by the American Diabetes Association.

ID: 69768239