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The effects of TNF-α on GLP-1-stimulated plasma glucose kinetics

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CONTEXT: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogs have recently been promoted as antihyperglycemic agents in critically ill patients with systemic inflammation, but the effects of TNF-α on glucose metabolism during GLP-1 administration are unknown.

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether the infusion of TNF-α at high physiological levels impairs GLP-1's effects on glucose metabolism.

DESIGN: This was a randomized, controlled, cross-over trial.

SETTING: The study was conducted at a hospital clinical research laboratory.

PARTICIPANTS: Twelve healthy males (aged 24 ± 3 y; body mass index 22.9 ± 1.3 kg/m(2)).

INTERVENTIONS: After an overnight fast, either saline (0.9%) or recombinant human TNF-α (1000 ng/m(2) · h) was infused from t = 0-6 hours. At t = 2 hours, GLP-1 infusion (0.5 pmol/kg · min) began. From t = 4-6 hours, the GLP-1 infusion rate was increased to 1.2 pmol/kg · min. Plasma glucose was clamped at 5 mmol/L throughout via a variable rate 20% dextrose infusion. Trials were 7-14 days apart.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Endogenous glucose production (EGP) was measured by the [6,6-(2)H2]glucose isotope tracer dilution method.

RESULTS: GLP-1 infusion suppressed plasma glucagon (P < .01), elevated plasma insulin, and C-peptide (P < .01) and suppressed EGP (P < .001) during the saline infusion. In contrast, the infusion of TNF-α increased plasma TNF-α and IL-6, elevated body temperature, and blunted the GLP-1-induced suppression of EGP during high-dose GLP-1 infusion (all P < .05, TNF-α vs saline). However, TNF-α infusion lowered plasma GLP-1 during high-dose GLP-1 infusion (P < .001).

CONCLUSIONS: TNF-α induces systemic inflammation and reduces plasma GLP-1, thereby reducing the suppression of EGP during GLP-1 infusion. This may have clinical relevance if GLP-1 analog drugs are used for the treatment of hyperglycemia in critically ill patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
Volume100
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)E616-22
ISSN0021-972X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015

    Research areas

  • Adult, Blood Glucose, Body Temperature, C-Peptide, Cross-Over Studies, Glucagon, Glucagon-Like Peptide 1, Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated, Humans, Hypoglycemic Agents, Insulin, Interleukin-6, Kinetics, Male, Recombinant Proteins, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha, Young Adult

ID: 46038237