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The effects of rotation on radiological parameters in the spine

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@article{06c754c584ba48ff8800ed4edf2f740f,
title = "The effects of rotation on radiological parameters in the spine",
abstract = "Background Vertebral rotation in straight spines or in spines with small scoliosis may potentially affect measurement of radiological parameters in both the frontal and sagittal plane. This is important, since it could lead to potential misdiagnosis of scoliosis and other clinical consequences, and until now, this has not been examined. Purpose To examine the effect of axial vertebral rotation of the spine on measurement of common radiological parameters. Material and Methods Reconstructions from computed tomography scans of 40 consecutive included and anonymized patients with straight spines or small scoliosis. Fourteen sagittal and coronal reconstructions covering the whole pelvis and spine were executed. Radiographic parameters in both the frontal and sagittal plane were measured blinded and separately by three doctors. These parameters were evaluated for inter-rater reliability using intraclass correlation coefficient and mixed model analysis for the effects of rotation. The parameters were also analyzed sub-stratified according to {"}Lenke's classification{"} and 15 sub-categories of thoracic and lumbar Cobb's angle (CA). Results Vertebral rotation in general does not have any significant effects in both the frontal and sagittal plane. However, there are significant effects on CA and spinopelvic radiologic parameters in extreme rotation or for larger scoliosis. Inter-rater reliability was very good to good. Conclusion In conclusion, axial spinal rotation does not influence common radiological parameters in the frontal and sagittal plane, except in cases of extreme rotation or large scoliosis for selected parameters; thus, this does not lead to potential misinterpretation in scoliosis diagnosis, treatment, or research.",
keywords = "Axial rotation, Cobb's angle, Nash and Moe's classification, pelvic incidence, sacral slope, scoliosis, Diagnosis, Differential, Reproducibility of Results, Cross-Sectional Studies, Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods, Humans, Male, Rotation, Adult, Female, Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted, Anatomic Landmarks, Scoliosis/diagnostic imaging",
author = "Christian Wong and Johanna Hall and Kasper Gosvig",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0284185118780905",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "338--346",
journal = "Acta Radiologica",
issn = "0284-1851",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of rotation on radiological parameters in the spine

AU - Wong, Christian

AU - Hall, Johanna

AU - Gosvig, Kasper

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - Background Vertebral rotation in straight spines or in spines with small scoliosis may potentially affect measurement of radiological parameters in both the frontal and sagittal plane. This is important, since it could lead to potential misdiagnosis of scoliosis and other clinical consequences, and until now, this has not been examined. Purpose To examine the effect of axial vertebral rotation of the spine on measurement of common radiological parameters. Material and Methods Reconstructions from computed tomography scans of 40 consecutive included and anonymized patients with straight spines or small scoliosis. Fourteen sagittal and coronal reconstructions covering the whole pelvis and spine were executed. Radiographic parameters in both the frontal and sagittal plane were measured blinded and separately by three doctors. These parameters were evaluated for inter-rater reliability using intraclass correlation coefficient and mixed model analysis for the effects of rotation. The parameters were also analyzed sub-stratified according to "Lenke's classification" and 15 sub-categories of thoracic and lumbar Cobb's angle (CA). Results Vertebral rotation in general does not have any significant effects in both the frontal and sagittal plane. However, there are significant effects on CA and spinopelvic radiologic parameters in extreme rotation or for larger scoliosis. Inter-rater reliability was very good to good. Conclusion In conclusion, axial spinal rotation does not influence common radiological parameters in the frontal and sagittal plane, except in cases of extreme rotation or large scoliosis for selected parameters; thus, this does not lead to potential misinterpretation in scoliosis diagnosis, treatment, or research.

AB - Background Vertebral rotation in straight spines or in spines with small scoliosis may potentially affect measurement of radiological parameters in both the frontal and sagittal plane. This is important, since it could lead to potential misdiagnosis of scoliosis and other clinical consequences, and until now, this has not been examined. Purpose To examine the effect of axial vertebral rotation of the spine on measurement of common radiological parameters. Material and Methods Reconstructions from computed tomography scans of 40 consecutive included and anonymized patients with straight spines or small scoliosis. Fourteen sagittal and coronal reconstructions covering the whole pelvis and spine were executed. Radiographic parameters in both the frontal and sagittal plane were measured blinded and separately by three doctors. These parameters were evaluated for inter-rater reliability using intraclass correlation coefficient and mixed model analysis for the effects of rotation. The parameters were also analyzed sub-stratified according to "Lenke's classification" and 15 sub-categories of thoracic and lumbar Cobb's angle (CA). Results Vertebral rotation in general does not have any significant effects in both the frontal and sagittal plane. However, there are significant effects on CA and spinopelvic radiologic parameters in extreme rotation or for larger scoliosis. Inter-rater reliability was very good to good. Conclusion In conclusion, axial spinal rotation does not influence common radiological parameters in the frontal and sagittal plane, except in cases of extreme rotation or large scoliosis for selected parameters; thus, this does not lead to potential misinterpretation in scoliosis diagnosis, treatment, or research.

KW - Axial rotation

KW - Cobb's angle

KW - Nash and Moe's classification

KW - pelvic incidence

KW - sacral slope

KW - scoliosis

KW - Diagnosis, Differential

KW - Reproducibility of Results

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Rotation

KW - Adult

KW - Female

KW - Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted

KW - Anatomic Landmarks

KW - Scoliosis/diagnostic imaging

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85049022352&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0284185118780905

DO - 10.1177/0284185118780905

M3 - Journal article

VL - 60

SP - 338

EP - 346

JO - Acta Radiologica

JF - Acta Radiologica

SN - 0284-1851

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 54680320