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The effects of 3 weeks of oral glutathione supplementation on whole body insulin sensitivity in obese males with and without type 2 diabetes: A randomized trial

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Søndergård, Stine D ; Cintin, Ida ; Kuhlman, Anja Birk ; Morville, Thomas ; Bergmann, Marie Louise ; Kjær, Laura K ; Poulsen, Henrik E ; Giustarini, Daniela ; Rossi, Ranieri ; Dela, Flemming ; Helge, Jørn Wulff ; Larsen, Steen. / The effects of 3 weeks of oral glutathione supplementation on whole body insulin sensitivity in obese males with and without type 2 diabetes : A randomized trial. In: Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 2021 ; Vol. 46, No. 9. pp. 1133-1142.

Bibtex

@article{3094872382744518ae597bf47127b0b6,
title = "The effects of 3 weeks of oral glutathione supplementation on whole body insulin sensitivity in obese males with and without type 2 diabetes: A randomized trial",
abstract = "The effect of oral glutathione (GSH) supplementation was studied in obese subjects with and without type 2 diabetes (T2DM) on measures of glucose homeostasis and markers of oxidative stress. Twenty subjects (10 patients with T2DM and 10 obese subjects) were recruited for the study, and randomized in a double-blinded placebo-controlled manner to consume either 1000 mg GSH per day or placebo for 3 weeks. Before and after the 3 weeks insulin sensitivity was measured with the hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp and a muscle biopsy was obtained to measure GSH and skeletal muscle mitochondrial hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) emission rate. Whole body insulin sensitivity increased significantly in the GSH group. Skeletal muscle GSH was numerically increased (∼19%) in the GSH group; no change was seen in GSH to glutathione disulfide ratio. Skeletal muscle mitochondrial H2O2 emission rate did not change in response to the intervention and neither did the urinary excretion of the RNA oxidation product 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanosine or the DNA oxidation product 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), although 8-oxodG decreased as a main effect of time. Oral GSH supplementation improves insulin sensitivity in obese subjects with and without T2DM, although it does not alter markers of oxidative stress. The study has been registered in clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02948673). Novelty: Reduced glutathione supplementation increases insulin sensitivity in obese subjects with and without T2DM. H2O2 emission rate from skeletal muscle mitochondria was not affected by GSH supplementation.",
keywords = "Glutathione, Insulin sensitivity, Mitochondria, Oxidative stress",
author = "S{\o}nderg{\aa}rd, {Stine D} and Ida Cintin and Kuhlman, {Anja Birk} and Thomas Morville and Bergmann, {Marie Louise} and Kj{\ae}r, {Laura K} and Poulsen, {Henrik E} and Daniela Giustarini and Ranieri Rossi and Flemming Dela and Helge, {J{\o}rn Wulff} and Steen Larsen",
year = "2021",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1139/apnm-2020-1099",
language = "English",
volume = "46",
pages = "1133--1142",
journal = "Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism",
issn = "1715-5312",
publisher = "N R C Research Press",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of 3 weeks of oral glutathione supplementation on whole body insulin sensitivity in obese males with and without type 2 diabetes

T2 - A randomized trial

AU - Søndergård, Stine D

AU - Cintin, Ida

AU - Kuhlman, Anja Birk

AU - Morville, Thomas

AU - Bergmann, Marie Louise

AU - Kjær, Laura K

AU - Poulsen, Henrik E

AU - Giustarini, Daniela

AU - Rossi, Ranieri

AU - Dela, Flemming

AU - Helge, Jørn Wulff

AU - Larsen, Steen

PY - 2021/9

Y1 - 2021/9

N2 - The effect of oral glutathione (GSH) supplementation was studied in obese subjects with and without type 2 diabetes (T2DM) on measures of glucose homeostasis and markers of oxidative stress. Twenty subjects (10 patients with T2DM and 10 obese subjects) were recruited for the study, and randomized in a double-blinded placebo-controlled manner to consume either 1000 mg GSH per day or placebo for 3 weeks. Before and after the 3 weeks insulin sensitivity was measured with the hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp and a muscle biopsy was obtained to measure GSH and skeletal muscle mitochondrial hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) emission rate. Whole body insulin sensitivity increased significantly in the GSH group. Skeletal muscle GSH was numerically increased (∼19%) in the GSH group; no change was seen in GSH to glutathione disulfide ratio. Skeletal muscle mitochondrial H2O2 emission rate did not change in response to the intervention and neither did the urinary excretion of the RNA oxidation product 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanosine or the DNA oxidation product 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), although 8-oxodG decreased as a main effect of time. Oral GSH supplementation improves insulin sensitivity in obese subjects with and without T2DM, although it does not alter markers of oxidative stress. The study has been registered in clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02948673). Novelty: Reduced glutathione supplementation increases insulin sensitivity in obese subjects with and without T2DM. H2O2 emission rate from skeletal muscle mitochondria was not affected by GSH supplementation.

AB - The effect of oral glutathione (GSH) supplementation was studied in obese subjects with and without type 2 diabetes (T2DM) on measures of glucose homeostasis and markers of oxidative stress. Twenty subjects (10 patients with T2DM and 10 obese subjects) were recruited for the study, and randomized in a double-blinded placebo-controlled manner to consume either 1000 mg GSH per day or placebo for 3 weeks. Before and after the 3 weeks insulin sensitivity was measured with the hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp and a muscle biopsy was obtained to measure GSH and skeletal muscle mitochondrial hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) emission rate. Whole body insulin sensitivity increased significantly in the GSH group. Skeletal muscle GSH was numerically increased (∼19%) in the GSH group; no change was seen in GSH to glutathione disulfide ratio. Skeletal muscle mitochondrial H2O2 emission rate did not change in response to the intervention and neither did the urinary excretion of the RNA oxidation product 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanosine or the DNA oxidation product 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), although 8-oxodG decreased as a main effect of time. Oral GSH supplementation improves insulin sensitivity in obese subjects with and without T2DM, although it does not alter markers of oxidative stress. The study has been registered in clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02948673). Novelty: Reduced glutathione supplementation increases insulin sensitivity in obese subjects with and without T2DM. H2O2 emission rate from skeletal muscle mitochondria was not affected by GSH supplementation.

KW - Glutathione

KW - Insulin sensitivity

KW - Mitochondria

KW - Oxidative stress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85114730165&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1139/apnm-2020-1099

DO - 10.1139/apnm-2020-1099

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33740389

VL - 46

SP - 1133

EP - 1142

JO - Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism

JF - Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism

SN - 1715-5312

IS - 9

ER -

ID: 64729695