The association between aortic valve calcification, cardiovascular risk factors, and cardiac size and function in a general population

Lida Khurrami, Jacob Eifer Møller, Jordi Sanchez Dahl, Rasmus Carter-Storch, Nicolaj Lyhne Christensen, Manan Pareek, Jes Sanddal Lindholt, Axel Cosmus Pyndt Diederichsen

6 Citations (Scopus)


To determine the presence and extent of aortic valve calcification (AVC) quantified by non-contrast cardiac computed tomography (NCCT), to determine the association between traditional cardiovascular risk factors and AVC score, and to evaluate the association between AVC and cardiac size and function assessed by echocardiography, in a general population aged 65-75 years. A random sample of 2060 individuals were invited to undergo NCCT through which their AVC score was assessed. Individuals with an AVC score ≥ 300 arbitrary units (AU) were invited for a transthoracic echocardiography together with age-matched controls. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors associated with AVC and to describe associations between AVC score and echocardiographic findings. Of 2060 individuals invited 664 males and 636 females participated. Among those, 455 (68.5%) of males and 358 (56.3%) of females had AVC scores > 0 AU. The median AVC score was 6 AU (IQR 0-3064). Seventy-seven (11.6%) males and 20 (3.1%) females had an AVC score ≥ 300 AU. In a multiple regression analysis, age, sex, prior cardiovascular disease, smoking, and hypertension were associated with AVC score, while diabetes, hypercholesterolemia and kidney function were not. Individuals with AVC ≥ 300 AU had higher peak and mean aortic valve gradient, smaller indexed aortic valve area, greater left ventricular mass, and larger left atrial (LA) volume. In a random population sample of individuals aged 65-75 years, AVC was common and associated with most known cardiovascular risk factors. AVC ≥ 300 AU was associated with concentric remodeling and LA dilatation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe international journal of cardiovascular imaging
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)711-722
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


  • Aortic stenosis
  • Aortic valve calcification
  • Cardiovascular risk factors
  • Non-contrast cardiac CT
  • Transthoracic echocardiography


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