Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

The Adductor Strengthening Programme prevents groin problems among male football players: a cluster-randomised controlled trial

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Infographic. Therapeutic exercise relieves pain and does not harm knee cartilage nor trigger inflammation

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Knee osteoarthritis risk is increased 4-6 fold after knee injury - a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Isometric exercise for acute pain relief: is it relevant in tendinopathy management?

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Reliability of the Copenhagen Achilles length measure (CALM) on patients with an Achilles tendon rupture

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Sprint capacity in football players with a previous hamstring injury: an exploratory cross-sectional study

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

  3. Isometric exercise for acute pain relief: is it relevant in tendinopathy management?

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  4. Danish Hip Arthroscopy Registry: predictors of outcome in patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI)

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

View graph of relations

BACKGROUND: Groin injuries represent a considerable problem in male football. Previous groin-specific prevention programmes have not shown a significant reduction in groin injury rates. An exercise programme using the Copenhagen Adduction exercise increases hip adduction strength, a key risk factor for groin injuries. However, its preventive effect is yet to be tested.

AIM: To evaluate the effect of a single-exercise approach, based on the Copenhagen Adduction exercise, on the prevalence of groin problems in male football players.

METHODS: 35 semiprofessional Norwegian football teams were cluster-randomised into an intervention group (18 teams, 339 players) and a control group (17 teams, 313 players). The intervention group performed an Adductor Strengthening Programme using one exercise, with three progression levels, three times per week during the preseason (6-8 weeks), and once per week during the competitive season (28 weeks). The control group were instructed to train as normal. The prevalence of groin problems was measured weekly in both groups during the competitive season using the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center Overuse Injury Questionnaire.

RESULTS: The average prevalence of groin problems during the season was 13.5% (95% CI 12.3% to 14.7%) in the intervention group and 21.3% (95% CI 20.0% to 22.6%) in the control group. The risk of reporting groin problems was 41% lower in the intervention group (OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.40 to 0.86, p=0.008).

CONCLUSION: The simple Adductor Strengthening Programme substantially reduced the self-reported prevalence and risk of groin problems in male football players.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN98514933.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
ISSN0306-3674
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2018

ID: 55769178