The 11+ injury prevention programme decreases rate of hamstring strain injuries in male collegiate soccer players

Holly Silvers-Granelli, Richard Silverman, Mario Bizzini, Kristian Thorborg, Robert H Brophy

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To investigate if the 11+ injury prevention programme decreases the risk of hamstring injury and improves recovery time and determine whether compliance with the 11+ affects hamstring injury risk.

METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis from a prospective cluster randomised controlled trial that included 65 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) division I and II men's soccer teams over the fall 2012 season. Thirty-one teams were randomised to the intervention group that were using the 11+ as their warm-up and 35 teams to the control group that continued to use their traditional warm-up. Each certified athletic trainer (ATC) collected data on demographics, hamstring injury (HSI), mechanism of injury, position, playing surface, time lost due to injury and compliance to the 11+ programme.

RESULTS: The 11+ decreased the risk of HSI by 63% compared with the control group (RR=0.37, 95% CI 0.21 to 0.63). Difference in return to play after HSI between the control (9.4±11.2 days) and intervention groups (10.2±11.3 days) was not significant (p=0.8). High compliance (>2 or more doses on average per week) reduced the risk of HSI by 78% (RR=0.22, 95% CI 0.06 to 0.87) compared with low compliance (<1 dose on average per week), and moderate compliance (1 to <2 doses on average per week) decreased the risk of HSI by 67% (RR=0.33, 95% CI 0.11 to 0.97) compared with low compliance. There was no significant difference between high and moderate compliance.

CONCLUSION: The 11+ decreased the risk of HSI by 63% but did not improve recovery time. High to moderate compliance is essential and makes the programme more effective at reducing HSI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107323
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
ISSN0306-3674
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Apr 2024

Keywords

  • Athletic Injuries
  • Hamstring Muscles
  • Lower extremity
  • Soccer
  • Sports medicine

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