Testing for autonomic neuropathy

J Hilsted

    36 Citations (Scopus)


    Autonomic neuropathy is a common complication in long-term diabetes, about 30% of the patients showing measurable signs of autonomic dysfunction after 10 years duration of disease. The diagnosis is often difficult to establish because clinical symptoms generally occur late in the course of the disease, and may be nonspecific. A number of recently developed quantifiable and reproducible autonomic nerve function tests are reviewed, with emphasis on the physiological basis of the tests and on practical applicability. Finally, diagnostic criteria, based on autonomic nerve function tests, are suggested.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalAnnals of Clinical Research
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)128-35
    Number of pages8
    Publication statusPublished - 1984


    • Autonomic Nervous System Diseases
    • Blood Pressure
    • Catecholamines
    • Diabetic Neuropathies
    • Heart Rate
    • Humans
    • Hypoglycemia
    • Pancreatic Polypeptide
    • Parasympathetic Nervous System
    • Posture
    • Pressoreceptors
    • Sympathetic Nervous System
    • Valsalva Maneuver


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