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Ten-year follow-up of stemmed hemiarthroplasty for acute proximal humeral fractures

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AIMS: There is no consensus on the treatment of proximal humeral fractures. Hemiarthroplasty has been widely used in patients when non-surgical treatment is not possible. There is, despite extensive use, limited information about the long-term outcome. Our primary aim was to report ten-year patient-reported outcome after hemiarthroplasty for acute proximal humeral fractures. The secondary aims were to report the cumulative revision rate and risk factors for an inferior patient-reported outcome. METHODS: We obtained data on 1,371 hemiarthroplasties for acute proximal humeral fractures from the Danish Shoulder Arthroplasty Registry between 2006 and 2010. Of these, 549 patients (40%) were alive and available for follow-up. The Western Ontario Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder (WOOS) questionnaire was sent to all patients at nine to 14 years after primary surgery. Revision rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Risk factors for an inferior WOOS score were analyzed using the linear regression model. RESULTS: Mean age at surgery was 67 years (24 to 90) and 445 (81%) patients were female. A complete questionnaire was returned by 364 (66%) patients at a mean follow-up of 10.6 years (8.8 to 13.8). Mean WOOS score was 64 (4.3 to 100.0). There was no correlation between WOOS scores and age, sex, arthroplasty brand, or year of surgery. The 14-year cumulative revision rate was 5.7% (confidence interval 4.1 to 7.2). Patients aged younger than 55 years and patients aged between 55 to 74 years had 5.6-times (2.0 to 9.3) and 4.3-times (1.9 to 16.7) higher risk of revision than patients aged older than 75 years, respectively. CONCLUSION: This is the largest long-term follow-up study of acute proximal humeral fractures treated with hemiarthroplasty. We found a low revision rate and an acceptable ten-year patient-reported outcome. The patient-reported outcome should be interpreted with caution as we have no information about the patients who died or did not return a complete WOOS score. The long-term outcome and revision rate suggest that hemiarthroplasty offers a valid alternative when non-surgical treatment is not possible. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(6):1063-1069.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe bone & joint journal
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1063-1069
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2021

    Research areas

  • Functional outcome, Hemiarthroplasty, Long-term follow-up, Proximal humeral fracture, Proximal humerus fracture, Revision, Shoulder arthroplasty, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Middle Aged, Risk Factors, Male, Hemiarthroplasty/methods, Shoulder Fractures/surgery, Reoperation/statistics & numerical data, Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder/methods, Aged, 80 and over, Denmark, Adult, Female, Registries, Surveys and Questionnaires, Aged

ID: 66363086