Targeted next-generation sequencing of EUS-guided through-the-needle-biopsy sampling from pancreatic cystic lesions

10 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recent advances have introduced molecular subtyping of pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs) as a possible amendment to the diagnostic algorithm. The study evaluated the feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of molecular analysis and subtyping of PCLs using the recently introduced EUS-guided through-the-needle-biopsy (TTNB) sampling.

METHODS: We prospectively included 101 patients in the study who presented with PCLs >15 mm in the largest cross-section. EUS-guided TTNB samples were obtained by a micro-biopsy forceps introduced through a 19-gauge needle. The TTNB samples were analyzed by next-generation sequencing (NGS) for point mutations in tumor suppressors and oncogenes using a 51-gene customized hotspot panel. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated with the histologic diagnosis as reference.

RESULTS: After initial microscopic evaluation of the samples, 91 patients had residual TTNB samples available for NGS. Of these, 49 harbored mutations, most frequently in KRAS and GNAS, reflecting an excess frequency of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) in the study population. A sensitivity and specificity of 83.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 70.3-92.7) and 81.8% (95% CI, 48.2-97.7), respectively, were demonstrated for the diagnosis of a mucinous cyst and 87.2% (95% CI, 74.2-95.2) and 84.6% (95% CI, 54.5-98.1) for the diagnosis of an IPMN.

CONCLUSIONS: Thus, molecular analysis of TTNB samples by NGS has high sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing mucinous cysts and IPMNs. Although the procedure comes with a risk of adverse events of 9.9%, TTNB samples are a robust alternative to cyst fluid for a combined histologic and molecular diagnosis of PCLs. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT03578445.).

Original languageEnglish
JournalGastrointestinal Endoscopy
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)50-58.e4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • Cyst Fluid
  • Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration/methods
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
  • Humans
  • Pancreas/pathology
  • Pancreatic Cyst/diagnosis
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnosis


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