Systematic review: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and construction workers

H Borup, L Kirkeskov, Dorte Jessing Agerby Hanskov, C Brauer

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Between 15 and 20% of prevalent cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been attributed to occupational exposures to vapours, gases, dusts and fumes. Dust at construction sites is still a challenge, but no overview exists of COPD among construction workers.

Aims: To assess the occurrence of COPD among construction workers.

Methods: We performed a systematic search in PubMed and Embase between 1 January 1990 and 31 August 2016 in order to identify epidemiological studies with a risk estimate for either COPD morbidity/mortality or a spirometry-based definition of airway obstruction among workers in the construction industry. The authors independently assessed studies to determine their eligibility and performed a quality assessment of the included papers.

Results: Twelve studies were included. Nine studies found a statistically significant association between COPD and work in the construction industry, although only among never-smokers in one study and only for the period after 2000 in another study. One study found that the annual decline in forced expiratory volume in 1 s was significantly higher among construction workers compared with bus drivers.

Conclusions: This review suggests that COPD occurs more often among construction workers than among workers who are not exposed to construction dust. It is not possible to draw any conclusions on specific subgroups as most studies analysed construction workers as one united group. In addition, no potential exposure-effect relationship could be identified.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOccupational medicine (Oxford, England)
Volume67
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)199-204
Number of pages6
ISSN0962-7480
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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