INTRODUCTION: Sedation is often used to optimise ren-ography in children < 3 years, but it requires continuous monitoring.
METHODS: We discontinued routine use of chloral hydrate sedation of patients undergoing renography, and introduced that children < 2 years were placed in a child immobiliser for nuclear examinations at the Department of Paediatrics before being transported for renography. In addition, children < 3 years were offered melatonin, which is not a sedative. Chloral hydrate was given only if parents wanted sedation. We analysed the results from a consecutive series of patients undergoing renography from August 2010 to December 2015 and compared data from those who had been administered choral hydrate sedation with those who had received no sedation.
RESULTS: Renography was unaccomplished in 10% (3/30) of the choral hydrated sedated children and in 11% (54/512) of the non-sedated children (p = 0.83). Uncooperative children resulted in failed renography in 0% (0/3) and 39% (21/54) of cases, respectively (p = 0.46). Patients placed in a child immobiliser at the Department of Paediatrics had the greatest probability of achieving successful renography (p = 0.0013), the shortest renography procedure duration irrespective of melatonin use (p = 0.0001) and the lowest risk of a procedure duration > 60 minutes (p = 0.0004).
CONCLUSIONS: Renography can be performed without sedation. We recommend that children < 2 years be placed in a child immobiliser at the Department of Paediatrics before being transported for renography. Additional studies are needed to investigate the effects of melatonin.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.
|Journal||Danish Medical Journal|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - May 2019|