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Subjective evaluation of psychosocial well-being in children and youths with overweight or obesity: the impact of multidisciplinary obesity treatment

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Fonvig, Cilius Esmann ; Hamann, Sophie Amalie ; Nielsen, Tenna Ruest Haarmark ; Johansen, Mia Østergaard ; Grønbæk, Helle Nergaard ; Mollerup, Pernille Maria ; Holm, Jens-Christian. / Subjective evaluation of psychosocial well-being in children and youths with overweight or obesity : the impact of multidisciplinary obesity treatment. In: Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation. 2017 ; Vol. 26, No. 12. pp. 3279-3288.

Bibtex

@article{36e718afb2d146f8a74b6f11ef1d5113,
title = "Subjective evaluation of psychosocial well-being in children and youths with overweight or obesity: the impact of multidisciplinary obesity treatment",
abstract = "PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of a multidisciplinary childhood obesity treatment programme on subjective evaluations of psychosocial well-being and quality of life.METHODS: This longitudinal observational study included 1291 children, adolescents and young adults, 6-22 years of age, with overweight or obesity. At entry and after 2-82 months of obesity treatment, the patients evaluated the following domains of psychosocial well-being on a visual analogue scale: quality of life, mood, appetite, bullying, motivation for weight loss and body image satisfaction. The degree of overweight was calculated using a body mass index (BMI) standard deviation score (SDS) at each visit.RESULTS: At entry, the mean BMI SDS was 2.81 (range: 1.35-6.65, 95{\%} confidence interval (95{\%} CI): 2.44-3.18). After a median of 14 months of treatment, the median reduction in BMI SDS was 0.29 (95{\%} CI: 0.26-0.31, p < 0.0001). Improvements were observed in the domains of quality of life, mood, appetite, bullying and body image satisfaction (p < 0.0001). Larger reductions in BMI SDS were associated with greater improvements in the domains of quality of life (p = 0.001), mood (p = 0.04) and body image satisfaction (p < 0.0001), independent of BMI SDS at entry. However, improvements in psychosocial well-being were also observed in those increasing their BMI SDS (n = 315).CONCLUSIONS: In a large group of children and youths, psychosocial well-being improved during a multidisciplinary childhood obesity treatment programme, irrespective of the degree of obesity at treatment entry. Greater reductions in BMI SDS were associated with greater improvements in psychosocial well-being, but even in the group increasing their BMI SDS improvements were observed.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Adult, Child, Female, Humans, Male, Overweight/psychology, Pediatric Obesity/psychology, Quality of Life/psychology, Young Adult",
author = "Fonvig, {Cilius Esmann} and Hamann, {Sophie Amalie} and Nielsen, {Tenna Ruest Haarmark} and Johansen, {Mia {\O}stergaard} and Gr{\o}nb{\ae}k, {Helle Nergaard} and Mollerup, {Pernille Maria} and Jens-Christian Holm",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1007/s11136-017-1667-5",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "3279--3288",
journal = "Quality of Life Research",
issn = "0962-9343",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Subjective evaluation of psychosocial well-being in children and youths with overweight or obesity

T2 - the impact of multidisciplinary obesity treatment

AU - Fonvig, Cilius Esmann

AU - Hamann, Sophie Amalie

AU - Nielsen, Tenna Ruest Haarmark

AU - Johansen, Mia Østergaard

AU - Grønbæk, Helle Nergaard

AU - Mollerup, Pernille Maria

AU - Holm, Jens-Christian

PY - 2017/12

Y1 - 2017/12

N2 - PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of a multidisciplinary childhood obesity treatment programme on subjective evaluations of psychosocial well-being and quality of life.METHODS: This longitudinal observational study included 1291 children, adolescents and young adults, 6-22 years of age, with overweight or obesity. At entry and after 2-82 months of obesity treatment, the patients evaluated the following domains of psychosocial well-being on a visual analogue scale: quality of life, mood, appetite, bullying, motivation for weight loss and body image satisfaction. The degree of overweight was calculated using a body mass index (BMI) standard deviation score (SDS) at each visit.RESULTS: At entry, the mean BMI SDS was 2.81 (range: 1.35-6.65, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 2.44-3.18). After a median of 14 months of treatment, the median reduction in BMI SDS was 0.29 (95% CI: 0.26-0.31, p < 0.0001). Improvements were observed in the domains of quality of life, mood, appetite, bullying and body image satisfaction (p < 0.0001). Larger reductions in BMI SDS were associated with greater improvements in the domains of quality of life (p = 0.001), mood (p = 0.04) and body image satisfaction (p < 0.0001), independent of BMI SDS at entry. However, improvements in psychosocial well-being were also observed in those increasing their BMI SDS (n = 315).CONCLUSIONS: In a large group of children and youths, psychosocial well-being improved during a multidisciplinary childhood obesity treatment programme, irrespective of the degree of obesity at treatment entry. Greater reductions in BMI SDS were associated with greater improvements in psychosocial well-being, but even in the group increasing their BMI SDS improvements were observed.

AB - PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of a multidisciplinary childhood obesity treatment programme on subjective evaluations of psychosocial well-being and quality of life.METHODS: This longitudinal observational study included 1291 children, adolescents and young adults, 6-22 years of age, with overweight or obesity. At entry and after 2-82 months of obesity treatment, the patients evaluated the following domains of psychosocial well-being on a visual analogue scale: quality of life, mood, appetite, bullying, motivation for weight loss and body image satisfaction. The degree of overweight was calculated using a body mass index (BMI) standard deviation score (SDS) at each visit.RESULTS: At entry, the mean BMI SDS was 2.81 (range: 1.35-6.65, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 2.44-3.18). After a median of 14 months of treatment, the median reduction in BMI SDS was 0.29 (95% CI: 0.26-0.31, p < 0.0001). Improvements were observed in the domains of quality of life, mood, appetite, bullying and body image satisfaction (p < 0.0001). Larger reductions in BMI SDS were associated with greater improvements in the domains of quality of life (p = 0.001), mood (p = 0.04) and body image satisfaction (p < 0.0001), independent of BMI SDS at entry. However, improvements in psychosocial well-being were also observed in those increasing their BMI SDS (n = 315).CONCLUSIONS: In a large group of children and youths, psychosocial well-being improved during a multidisciplinary childhood obesity treatment programme, irrespective of the degree of obesity at treatment entry. Greater reductions in BMI SDS were associated with greater improvements in psychosocial well-being, but even in the group increasing their BMI SDS improvements were observed.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Child

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Overweight/psychology

KW - Pediatric Obesity/psychology

KW - Quality of Life/psychology

KW - Young Adult

U2 - 10.1007/s11136-017-1667-5

DO - 10.1007/s11136-017-1667-5

M3 - Journal article

VL - 26

SP - 3279

EP - 3288

JO - Quality of Life Research

JF - Quality of Life Research

SN - 0962-9343

IS - 12

ER -

ID: 55462680