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Stress and depression among women and men who have experienced recurrent pregnancy loss: focusing on both sexes

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RESEARCH QUESTION: Are women and men suffering from recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) more affected by psychological stress and depression than the general population?

DESIGN: Cross-sectional study investigating the prevalence of stress and depression in women and men with RPL seen in the Danish national RPL Unit. Data were collected between 2015-2018. All newly referred couples were asked to complete the Major Depression Index (MDI) and Cohen's Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). The scores of both sexes were compared with scores from relevant cohorts of men and women from the general population.

RESULTS: In total, 412 women with RPL (82% response rate) and 281 male partners (60% response rate) were included. Depression: 5/281 (1.8%) of men with RPL had moderate/severe depression vs. 5/253 (2.0%) of men in the comparison group (relative risk (RR) 0.90; 95% CI 0.26-3.07, p=0.99). Among women with RPL, 34/412 (8.3%) had a moderate/severe depression vs. 2.2% in the comparison group (RR 3.74; 95% CI 2.40-5.83, p<0.001). High stress levels were found in 30/281 men with RPL (10.7%) vs. 15.8% in the comparison group (co-habiting men) (RR 0.67; 95% CI 0.48-0.94, p=0.017). High stress level was found among 110/384 (28.6%) of RPL-women vs. 420/1813 (23.2%) of comparison women (RR 1.24; 95% CI 1.03-1.48, p=0.026). Both MDI and PSS scores, respectively, for a woman and a man in an RPL couple were significantly correlated.

CONCLUSION: Male partners in RPL couples did not have increased prevalence of stress and depression compared with other men but we confirmed our previous finding of significantly increased frequencies among women with RPL.

Original languageEnglish
JournalReproductive BioMedicine Online
Volume42
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1172-1180
Number of pages9
ISSN1472-6483
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

    Research areas

  • Cross-sectional study, Depression, Recurrent pregnancy loss, Stress

ID: 65431346