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Strains of the soil fungus Mortierella show different degradation potentials for the phenylurea herbicide diuron

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  • Lea Ellegaard-Jensen
  • jens Aamand
  • Birthe Brandt Kragelund
  • Anders H Johnsen
  • Søren Rosendahl
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Microbial pesticide degradation studies have until now mainly focused on bacteria, although fungi have also been shown to degrade pesticides. In this study we clarify the background for the ability of the common soil fungus Mortierella to degrade the phenylurea herbicide diuron. Diuron degradation potentials of five Mortierella strains were compared, and the role of carbon and nitrogen for the degradation process was investigated. Results showed that the ability to degrade diuron varied greatly among the Mortierella strains tested, and the strains able to degrade diuron were closely related. Degradation of diuron was fastest in carbon and nitrogen rich media while suboptimal nutrient levels restricted degradation, making it unlikely that Mortierella utilize diuron as carbon or nitrogen sources. Degradation kinetics showed that diuron degradation was followed by formation of the metabolites 1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-3-methylurea, 1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)urea and an hitherto unknown metabolite suggested to be 1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-3-methylideneurea.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBiodegradation
Volume24
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)765-74
Number of pages10
ISSN0923-9820
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

ID: 41932538