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Stomach interference in 82Rb-PET myocardial perfusion imaging

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Background: 82Rubidium( 82Rb)-positron-emission-tomography (PET) is prone to some of the same imaging artifacts as single-photon-emission-computed-tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) including interference from excessive subdiaphragmatic activity. Our aim was to determine associations between clinical parameters and MPI interference including any potential correlation between interference severity and stomach volume. Methods and results: Two hundred men and women fasted two hours prior to standard clinical 82Rb myocardial perfusion rest/stress PET. Images were analyzed for radiotracer interference between left ventricle myocardium and extracardiac activity. Furthermore, volume of the stomach was measured. Interference, predominantly caused by 82Rb activity in the stomach, was less severe in stress PET compared to rest (absent in 46% vs 31% of patients during stress and rest, P < 0.05). In addition, a large stomach volume was associated with more severe interference in rest (P < 0.05) while a high body mass index was associated with less interference. Conclusion: Among clinical parameters associated with patient size, BMI was the strongest predictor of MPI interference. Furthermore, a large stomach volume was associated with more severe MPI interference, suggesting that sufficient fasting prior to imminent 82Rb PET may be important to reduce interference from adjacent radiotracer activity and consequently improve interpretation of MPI results, especially in small patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of nuclear cardiology : official publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Volume26
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1934-1942
Number of pages9
ISSN1071-3581
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

    Research areas

  • Rb-PET, cardiac imaging, cardiac positron-emission-tomography, interference, myocardial blood flow, Myocardial perfusion, myocardial perfusion imaging, rubidium, rubidium PET, subdiagfragmatic interference

ID: 55062530