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Sports injury prevention programmes from the sports physical therapist's perspective: An international expert Delphi approach

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  • Luciana De Michelis Mendonça
  • Joke Schuermans
  • Sander Denolf
  • Christopher Napier
  • Natália F N Bittencourt
  • Andrés Romanuk
  • Igor Tak
  • Kristian Thorborg
  • Mario Bizzini
  • Carlo Ramponi
  • Colin Paterson
  • Martin Hägglund
  • Laurent Malisoux
  • Wesam Saleh A Al Attar
  • Mina Samukawa
  • Ernest Esteve
  • Ummkulthoum Bakare
  • Maria Constantinou
  • Anthony Schneiders
  • Alexandre Cavallieri Gomes
  • Didier Florentz
  • Derya Ozer Kaya
  • Syahmirza Indra Lesmana
  • Joar Harøy
  • Vesa Kuparinen
  • Nicola Philips
  • Walter Jenkins
  • Evi Wezenbeek
  • Erik Witvrouw
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OBJECTIVE: To provide consensus on how to plan, organize and implement exercise-based injury prevention program (IPP) in sports.

DESIGN: Delphi.

SETTING: LimeSurvey platform.

PARTICIPANTS: Experienced sports physical therapists from the International Federation of Sports Physical Therapy member countries.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Factors related to sports IPP planning, organization and implementation.

RESULTS: We included 305 participants from 32 countries. IPP planning should be based on an athlete's injury history, on pre-season screening results, and on injury rates (respectively, 98%, 92%, 89% agreement). In total 97% participants agreed that IPP organization should depend on the athlete's age, 93% on the competition level, and 93% on the availability of low-cost materials. It was agreed that IPP should mainly be implemented in warm-up sessions delivered by the head or strength/conditioning coach, with physical training sessions and individual physical therapy sessions (respectively, 94%, 92%, 90% agreement).

CONCLUSION: Strong consensus was reached on (1) IPP based on the athlete's injury history, pre-season screening and evidence-based sports-specific injury rates; (2) IPP organization based on the athlete's age, competition level, and the availability of low-cost materials and (3) IPP implementation focussing on warm-up sessions implemented by the strength/conditioning coach, and/or individual prevention sessions by the physical therapist.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical therapy in sport : official journal of the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Sports Medicine
Pages (from-to)146-154
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Athletic injuries, Consensus, Physical therapy

ID: 77840346