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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY: A DANISH NATIONWIDE REGISTER-BASED STUDY

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This study examined if acquiring a traumatic brain injury (TBI) increases utilization of health care costs, increases risk of job loss for the patient and the closest relatives, and increases the risk of divorce 1 to 5 years following the injury. The study was conducted as a Danish national population-based register study with follow-up. Participants included a cohort of patients with TBI ( n  = 18,328) admitted to a hospital or treated in an emergency room (ER) and a matching control group ( n  = 89,155). For both the TBI group and the matching controls, relatives were identified, using national registers (TBI relatives: n  = 25,708 and control relatives: n  = 135,325). The outcome measures were utilization of health care costs (including hospital services, use of general practitioner and practicing specialists, and prescribed medication), risk of job loss, and risk of divorce among the TBI group and the control group and their relatives. Patients with TBI had significantly increased health care costs at baseline (i.e., the year before the injury) and during the following 4 years. Further, TBI relatives had a significantly higher utilization of health care costs the first and the third year after injury. The TBI group had a significant increased risk of job loss (odds ratio [OR] = 2.88; confidence interval [CI]: 2.70-3.07) and divorce (OR = 1.44; CI: 1.27-1.64) during the first 3 years following injury. In conclusion, the TBI group had significantly higher utilization of health care costs, both pre-morbidly and post-injury. Further, increased risk of job loss and divorce were found, emphasizing that the socioeconomic consequences of TBI last for years post-injury.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Neurotrauma
Volume37
Issue number24
Pages (from-to)2694-2702
Number of pages9
ISSN0897-7151
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2020

ID: 60707546