Smoking and Endothelial Dysfunction

Saeid Golbidi, Lars Edvinsson, Ismail Laher

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cigarette smoking is one the most important health concerns worldwide. Even though the rate of smoking is declining in developed countries, it is still experiencing growth in developing regions. Many studies have examined the relationship between smoking, as an established risk factor, and cardiovascular diseases. We provide an updated review of the underlying mechanisms of smoking-induced cardiovascular diseases, with a focus on the relationship between smoking and oxidative stress, particularly from the perspective of endothelial cell dysfunction. We review smoking-induced oxidative stress as a trigger for a generalized vascular inflammation associated with cytokine release, adhesion of inflammatory cells and, ultimately, disruption of endothelial integrity as a protective barrier layer. We also briefly discuss the harms related to the vaping of electronic cigarettes, which many erroneously consider as a safe alternative for smoking. We conclude that even though e-cigarette could be a helpful device during the transition period of cigarette quitting, it is by no means a safe substitute.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Vascular Pharmacology
ISSN1570-1611
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2018
Externally publishedYes

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