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Smartphone-based activity measurements in patients with newly diagnosed bipolar disorder, unaffected relatives and control individuals

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@article{75558fe9ad304525a6511c5c602248cd,
title = "Smartphone-based activity measurements in patients with newly diagnosed bipolar disorder, unaffected relatives and control individuals",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: In DSM-5 activity is a core criterion for diagnosing hypomania and mania. However, there are no guidelines for quantifying changes in activity. The objectives of the study were (1) to investigate daily smartphone-based self-reported and automatically-generated activity, respectively, against validated measurements of activity; (2) to validate daily smartphone-based self-reported activity and automatically-generated activity against each other; (3) to investigate differences in daily self-reported and automatically-generated smartphone-based activity between patients with bipolar disorder (BD), unaffected relatives (UR) and healthy control individuals (HC).METHODS: A total of 203 patients with BD, 54 UR, and 109 HC were included. On a smartphone-based app, the participants daily reported their activity level on a scale from -3 to + 3. Additionally, participants owning an android smartphone provided automatically-generated data, including step counts, screen on/off logs, and call- and text-logs. Smartphone-based activity was validated against an activity questionnaire the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and activity items on observer-based rating scales of depression using the Hamilton Depression Rating scale (HAMD), mania using Young Mania Rating scale (YMRS) and functioning using the Functional Assessment Short Test (FAST). In these analyses, we calculated averages of smartphone-based activity measurements reported in the period corresponding to the days assessed by the questionnaires and rating scales.RESULTS: (1) Smartphone-based self-reported activity was a valid measure according to scores on the IPAQ and activity items on the HAMD and YMRS, and was associated with FAST scores, whereas the majority of automatically-generated smartphone-based activity measurements were not. (2) Daily smartphone-based self-reported and automatically-generated activity correlated with each other with nearly all measurements. (3) Patients with BD had decreased daily self-reported activity compared with HC. Patients with BD had decreased physical (number of steps) and social activity (more missed calls) but a longer call duration compared with HC. UR also had decreased physical activity compared with HC but did not differ on daily self-reported activity or social activity.CONCLUSION: Daily self-reported activity measured via smartphone represents overall activity and correlates with measurements of automatically generated smartphone-based activity. Detecting activity levels using smartphones may be clinically helpful in diagnosis and illness monitoring in patients with bipolar disorder. Trial registration clinicaltrials.gov NCT02888262.",
author = "Sharleny Stanislaus and Maj Vinberg and Sigurd Melbye and Mads Frost and Jonas Busk and Bardram, {Jakob E} and Kessing, {Lars Vedel} and Maria Faurholt-Jepsen",
year = "2020",
month = nov,
day = "2",
doi = "10.1186/s40345-020-00195-0",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "32",
journal = "International Journal of Bipolar Disorders",
issn = "2194-7511",
publisher = "SpringerOpen",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Smartphone-based activity measurements in patients with newly diagnosed bipolar disorder, unaffected relatives and control individuals

AU - Stanislaus, Sharleny

AU - Vinberg, Maj

AU - Melbye, Sigurd

AU - Frost, Mads

AU - Busk, Jonas

AU - Bardram, Jakob E

AU - Kessing, Lars Vedel

AU - Faurholt-Jepsen, Maria

PY - 2020/11/2

Y1 - 2020/11/2

N2 - BACKGROUND: In DSM-5 activity is a core criterion for diagnosing hypomania and mania. However, there are no guidelines for quantifying changes in activity. The objectives of the study were (1) to investigate daily smartphone-based self-reported and automatically-generated activity, respectively, against validated measurements of activity; (2) to validate daily smartphone-based self-reported activity and automatically-generated activity against each other; (3) to investigate differences in daily self-reported and automatically-generated smartphone-based activity between patients with bipolar disorder (BD), unaffected relatives (UR) and healthy control individuals (HC).METHODS: A total of 203 patients with BD, 54 UR, and 109 HC were included. On a smartphone-based app, the participants daily reported their activity level on a scale from -3 to + 3. Additionally, participants owning an android smartphone provided automatically-generated data, including step counts, screen on/off logs, and call- and text-logs. Smartphone-based activity was validated against an activity questionnaire the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and activity items on observer-based rating scales of depression using the Hamilton Depression Rating scale (HAMD), mania using Young Mania Rating scale (YMRS) and functioning using the Functional Assessment Short Test (FAST). In these analyses, we calculated averages of smartphone-based activity measurements reported in the period corresponding to the days assessed by the questionnaires and rating scales.RESULTS: (1) Smartphone-based self-reported activity was a valid measure according to scores on the IPAQ and activity items on the HAMD and YMRS, and was associated with FAST scores, whereas the majority of automatically-generated smartphone-based activity measurements were not. (2) Daily smartphone-based self-reported and automatically-generated activity correlated with each other with nearly all measurements. (3) Patients with BD had decreased daily self-reported activity compared with HC. Patients with BD had decreased physical (number of steps) and social activity (more missed calls) but a longer call duration compared with HC. UR also had decreased physical activity compared with HC but did not differ on daily self-reported activity or social activity.CONCLUSION: Daily self-reported activity measured via smartphone represents overall activity and correlates with measurements of automatically generated smartphone-based activity. Detecting activity levels using smartphones may be clinically helpful in diagnosis and illness monitoring in patients with bipolar disorder. Trial registration clinicaltrials.gov NCT02888262.

AB - BACKGROUND: In DSM-5 activity is a core criterion for diagnosing hypomania and mania. However, there are no guidelines for quantifying changes in activity. The objectives of the study were (1) to investigate daily smartphone-based self-reported and automatically-generated activity, respectively, against validated measurements of activity; (2) to validate daily smartphone-based self-reported activity and automatically-generated activity against each other; (3) to investigate differences in daily self-reported and automatically-generated smartphone-based activity between patients with bipolar disorder (BD), unaffected relatives (UR) and healthy control individuals (HC).METHODS: A total of 203 patients with BD, 54 UR, and 109 HC were included. On a smartphone-based app, the participants daily reported their activity level on a scale from -3 to + 3. Additionally, participants owning an android smartphone provided automatically-generated data, including step counts, screen on/off logs, and call- and text-logs. Smartphone-based activity was validated against an activity questionnaire the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and activity items on observer-based rating scales of depression using the Hamilton Depression Rating scale (HAMD), mania using Young Mania Rating scale (YMRS) and functioning using the Functional Assessment Short Test (FAST). In these analyses, we calculated averages of smartphone-based activity measurements reported in the period corresponding to the days assessed by the questionnaires and rating scales.RESULTS: (1) Smartphone-based self-reported activity was a valid measure according to scores on the IPAQ and activity items on the HAMD and YMRS, and was associated with FAST scores, whereas the majority of automatically-generated smartphone-based activity measurements were not. (2) Daily smartphone-based self-reported and automatically-generated activity correlated with each other with nearly all measurements. (3) Patients with BD had decreased daily self-reported activity compared with HC. Patients with BD had decreased physical (number of steps) and social activity (more missed calls) but a longer call duration compared with HC. UR also had decreased physical activity compared with HC but did not differ on daily self-reported activity or social activity.CONCLUSION: Daily self-reported activity measured via smartphone represents overall activity and correlates with measurements of automatically generated smartphone-based activity. Detecting activity levels using smartphones may be clinically helpful in diagnosis and illness monitoring in patients with bipolar disorder. Trial registration clinicaltrials.gov NCT02888262.

U2 - 10.1186/s40345-020-00195-0

DO - 10.1186/s40345-020-00195-0

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33135120

VL - 8

SP - 32

JO - International Journal of Bipolar Disorders

JF - International Journal of Bipolar Disorders

SN - 2194-7511

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 61339811