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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Skin perfusion pressure on the legs measured as the external pressure required for skin reddening after blanching: a photo-electric technique compared to isotope washout

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The skin perfusion on the calf was measured photo-electrically and by isotope washout technique using external counter pressure by a blood pressure cuff. By the photocell the skin blanching threshold external pressure (BTEP) was recorded on histamine flared red skin. By isotope washout technique the skin blood flow cessation external pressure (FCEP) was recorded using intra-dermal [131I-]-antipyrine mixed with histamine in estimating the skin blood flow. The external pressure was measured with an airfilled plastic cushion connected to a mercury manometer. Over a wide range of pressures as obtained from twenty patients with occlusive arterial disease of the legs, five normal subjects and eleven patients treated for arterial hypertension the values of the two different methods were highly significantly correlated (r = 0.97, P < 0.001). On average the BTEP was equal to the FCEP: 83.9 mmHg (range 18-187) compared to 80.8 mmHg (range 18-158) (P > 0.1). A normal material was obtained from twenty-four subjects measured on the thigh, calf and ankle; the average gradients between the auscultatory brachial mean blood pressure and the BTEP were: thigh 10.7 mmHg (SD 12.7); calf 4.0 mmHg (SD 12.1); ankle 5.1 mmHg (SD 8.7). As compared to the intra-arterial blood pressure the BTEP was found to lie close to the mean blood pressure in normal subjects as well as in hypertensive subjects. The present data indicate that the skin perfusion pressure on the legs can be measured by the rapid photo-electric technique. The clinical application and sources of error are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation
Volume40
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)535-43
Number of pages9
ISSN0036-5513
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1980

    Research areas

  • Adult, Aged, Arterial Occlusive Diseases, Blood Pressure Determination, Humans, Hypertension, Iodine Radioisotopes, Leg, Manometry, Middle Aged, Perfusion, Photometry, Pressure, Skin

ID: 44415498