Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

Skills, competencies, and policies for advanced practice critical care nursing in Europe: a scoping review

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{69b1d046168849e3b6213f1f4d938f10,
title = "Skills, competencies, and policies for advanced practice critical care nursing in Europe: a scoping review",
abstract = "Objectives Management of critically ill patients is changing due a rise in population age, comorbidity and complexity. To accommodate these changes, the demand is increasing for advanced practice nurses. More knowledge is needed regarding the role of advanced practice critical care nurses in European countries. The aim of the study was to review the literature describing skills and competencies required for advanced practice critical care nursing in Europe and to investigate related policy. Review method We performed a scoping review including papers published in 1992–2019 targeting policy and the intersection of advanced practice nursing (level of practice), critical care nursing (specialty area) and Europe (geographical origin). Design and data sources Main sources of evidence were PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, SweMed+, Scopus, ERIC and Social Sciences Citation Index. We also searched grey literature, webpages, reference lists and performed hand-search. Results The search identified 11,478 papers/references of which 42 were included. Four levels of practice were identified with unclear boundaries: professional nurse, specialized nurse, advanced practice nurse and advanced critical care practitioner (nurse or other). Most skills and competencies described in the literature were generic to advanced practice and only few were area specific to critical care. Advanced practice critical care nurses were often unable to fulfil their role because education, supportive policy and legislation were lacking. Conclusions This scoping review informs the policy makers and the INACTIC study of existing advanced practice in critical care nursing in Europe. The advanced role in critical care nursing is characterized by inconsistency regarding policy, education, titles, roles, scope of practice, skills and competencies. Levels of practice and areas of specialization need to be clarified. Most skills and competencies identified were generic for advanced practice nursing and many were generic for any profession. Task-shifting from physician to nurse needs to be more clearly defined and patient outcomes described. Given the scarcity of papers in our target area, we believe it might be too early to conduct a systematic review at this time.",
keywords = "Nursing students Nursing education Advanced nursing practice Critical illness Ageing population, Critical illness, Nursing education, Ageing population, Nursing students, Advanced nursing practice",
author = "Ingrid Egerod and Gudrun Kaldan and Sara Nordentoft and Anders Larsen and Herling, {Suzanne Forsyth} and Thordis Thomsen and Ruth Endacott",
year = "2021",
month = jul,
doi = "10.1016/j.nepr.2021.103142",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
pages = "103142",
journal = "Nurse Education in Practice",
issn = "1471-5953",
publisher = "Churchill Livingstone",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Skills, competencies, and policies for advanced practice critical care nursing in Europe: a scoping review

AU - Egerod, Ingrid

AU - Kaldan, Gudrun

AU - Nordentoft, Sara

AU - Larsen, Anders

AU - Herling, Suzanne Forsyth

AU - Thomsen, Thordis

AU - Endacott, Ruth

PY - 2021/7

Y1 - 2021/7

N2 - Objectives Management of critically ill patients is changing due a rise in population age, comorbidity and complexity. To accommodate these changes, the demand is increasing for advanced practice nurses. More knowledge is needed regarding the role of advanced practice critical care nurses in European countries. The aim of the study was to review the literature describing skills and competencies required for advanced practice critical care nursing in Europe and to investigate related policy. Review method We performed a scoping review including papers published in 1992–2019 targeting policy and the intersection of advanced practice nursing (level of practice), critical care nursing (specialty area) and Europe (geographical origin). Design and data sources Main sources of evidence were PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, SweMed+, Scopus, ERIC and Social Sciences Citation Index. We also searched grey literature, webpages, reference lists and performed hand-search. Results The search identified 11,478 papers/references of which 42 were included. Four levels of practice were identified with unclear boundaries: professional nurse, specialized nurse, advanced practice nurse and advanced critical care practitioner (nurse or other). Most skills and competencies described in the literature were generic to advanced practice and only few were area specific to critical care. Advanced practice critical care nurses were often unable to fulfil their role because education, supportive policy and legislation were lacking. Conclusions This scoping review informs the policy makers and the INACTIC study of existing advanced practice in critical care nursing in Europe. The advanced role in critical care nursing is characterized by inconsistency regarding policy, education, titles, roles, scope of practice, skills and competencies. Levels of practice and areas of specialization need to be clarified. Most skills and competencies identified were generic for advanced practice nursing and many were generic for any profession. Task-shifting from physician to nurse needs to be more clearly defined and patient outcomes described. Given the scarcity of papers in our target area, we believe it might be too early to conduct a systematic review at this time.

AB - Objectives Management of critically ill patients is changing due a rise in population age, comorbidity and complexity. To accommodate these changes, the demand is increasing for advanced practice nurses. More knowledge is needed regarding the role of advanced practice critical care nurses in European countries. The aim of the study was to review the literature describing skills and competencies required for advanced practice critical care nursing in Europe and to investigate related policy. Review method We performed a scoping review including papers published in 1992–2019 targeting policy and the intersection of advanced practice nursing (level of practice), critical care nursing (specialty area) and Europe (geographical origin). Design and data sources Main sources of evidence were PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, SweMed+, Scopus, ERIC and Social Sciences Citation Index. We also searched grey literature, webpages, reference lists and performed hand-search. Results The search identified 11,478 papers/references of which 42 were included. Four levels of practice were identified with unclear boundaries: professional nurse, specialized nurse, advanced practice nurse and advanced critical care practitioner (nurse or other). Most skills and competencies described in the literature were generic to advanced practice and only few were area specific to critical care. Advanced practice critical care nurses were often unable to fulfil their role because education, supportive policy and legislation were lacking. Conclusions This scoping review informs the policy makers and the INACTIC study of existing advanced practice in critical care nursing in Europe. The advanced role in critical care nursing is characterized by inconsistency regarding policy, education, titles, roles, scope of practice, skills and competencies. Levels of practice and areas of specialization need to be clarified. Most skills and competencies identified were generic for advanced practice nursing and many were generic for any profession. Task-shifting from physician to nurse needs to be more clearly defined and patient outcomes described. Given the scarcity of papers in our target area, we believe it might be too early to conduct a systematic review at this time.

KW - Nursing students Nursing education Advanced nursing practice Critical illness Ageing population

KW - Critical illness

KW - Nursing education

KW - Ageing population

KW - Nursing students

KW - Advanced nursing practice

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85110179844&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.nepr.2021.103142

DO - 10.1016/j.nepr.2021.103142

M3 - Review

C2 - 34265667

VL - 54

SP - 103142

JO - Nurse Education in Practice

JF - Nurse Education in Practice

SN - 1471-5953

M1 - 103142

ER -

ID: 66610343