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Sex-Specific Prevalence, Incidence, and Mortality Associated With Atrial Fibrillation in Heart Failure

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@article{3359598e0aff463e8de31b70d7e92719,
title = "Sex-Specific Prevalence, Incidence, and Mortality Associated With Atrial Fibrillation in Heart Failure",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the mortality associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) in men and women with heart failure (HF) according to the sequence of presentation and rhythm versus rate control.BACKGROUND: The sex-specific epidemiology of AF in HF is sparse.METHODS: Using the Danish nationwide registries, all first-time cases of HF were identified and followed for all-cause mortality from 1998 to 2018.RESULTS: Among 252,988 patients with HF (mean age: 74 ± 13 years, 45% women), AF presented before HF in 54,064 (21%) and on the same day in 27,651 (11%) individuals, similar in women and men. Among patients without AF, the cumulative 10-year incidence of AF was 18.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 18.2% to 19.1%) in women and 21.3% (95% CI: 21.0% to 21.6%) in men. On follow-up (mean: 6.2 ± 5.8 years), adjusted mortality rate ratios were 3.33 (95% CI: 3.25 to 3.41) in women and 2.84 (95% CI: 2.78 to 2.90) in men if AF antedated HF, 3.45 (95% CI: 3.37 to 3.56) in women versus 2.76 (95% CI: 2.69 to 2.83) in men when AF and HF were diagnosed concomitantly, and 4.85 (95% CI: 4.73 to 4.97) in women versus 3.89 (95% CI: 3.80 to 3.98) in men when AF developed after HF. Compared with rate control for AF, a rhythm-controlling strategy was associated with lowered mortality in inverse probability-weighted models across all strata and in both sexes (hazard ratio: 0.75 to 0.83), except for women who developed AF after HF onset (hazard ratio: 1.03).CONCLUSIONS: More than half of all men and women with HF will develop AF during their clinical course, with prognosis associated with AF being worse in women than men. Further studies are needed to understand the underlying mechanisms.",
keywords = "atrial fibrillation, epidemiology, heart failure, mortality, rhythm controlling strategy",
author = "Barillas-Lara, {Maria Irene} and Kevin Monahan and Helm, {Robert H} and Vasan, {Ramachandran S} and Morten Schou and Lars K{\o}ber and Gunnar Gislason and Christian Torp-Pedersen and Charlotte Andersson",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2021 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2021",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1016/j.jacep.2021.02.021",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "1366--1375",
journal = "JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology",
issn = "2405-5018",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sex-Specific Prevalence, Incidence, and Mortality Associated With Atrial Fibrillation in Heart Failure

AU - Barillas-Lara, Maria Irene

AU - Monahan, Kevin

AU - Helm, Robert H

AU - Vasan, Ramachandran S

AU - Schou, Morten

AU - Køber, Lars

AU - Gislason, Gunnar

AU - Torp-Pedersen, Christian

AU - Andersson, Charlotte

N1 - Copyright © 2021 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2021/11

Y1 - 2021/11

N2 - OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the mortality associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) in men and women with heart failure (HF) according to the sequence of presentation and rhythm versus rate control.BACKGROUND: The sex-specific epidemiology of AF in HF is sparse.METHODS: Using the Danish nationwide registries, all first-time cases of HF were identified and followed for all-cause mortality from 1998 to 2018.RESULTS: Among 252,988 patients with HF (mean age: 74 ± 13 years, 45% women), AF presented before HF in 54,064 (21%) and on the same day in 27,651 (11%) individuals, similar in women and men. Among patients without AF, the cumulative 10-year incidence of AF was 18.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 18.2% to 19.1%) in women and 21.3% (95% CI: 21.0% to 21.6%) in men. On follow-up (mean: 6.2 ± 5.8 years), adjusted mortality rate ratios were 3.33 (95% CI: 3.25 to 3.41) in women and 2.84 (95% CI: 2.78 to 2.90) in men if AF antedated HF, 3.45 (95% CI: 3.37 to 3.56) in women versus 2.76 (95% CI: 2.69 to 2.83) in men when AF and HF were diagnosed concomitantly, and 4.85 (95% CI: 4.73 to 4.97) in women versus 3.89 (95% CI: 3.80 to 3.98) in men when AF developed after HF. Compared with rate control for AF, a rhythm-controlling strategy was associated with lowered mortality in inverse probability-weighted models across all strata and in both sexes (hazard ratio: 0.75 to 0.83), except for women who developed AF after HF onset (hazard ratio: 1.03).CONCLUSIONS: More than half of all men and women with HF will develop AF during their clinical course, with prognosis associated with AF being worse in women than men. Further studies are needed to understand the underlying mechanisms.

AB - OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the mortality associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) in men and women with heart failure (HF) according to the sequence of presentation and rhythm versus rate control.BACKGROUND: The sex-specific epidemiology of AF in HF is sparse.METHODS: Using the Danish nationwide registries, all first-time cases of HF were identified and followed for all-cause mortality from 1998 to 2018.RESULTS: Among 252,988 patients with HF (mean age: 74 ± 13 years, 45% women), AF presented before HF in 54,064 (21%) and on the same day in 27,651 (11%) individuals, similar in women and men. Among patients without AF, the cumulative 10-year incidence of AF was 18.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 18.2% to 19.1%) in women and 21.3% (95% CI: 21.0% to 21.6%) in men. On follow-up (mean: 6.2 ± 5.8 years), adjusted mortality rate ratios were 3.33 (95% CI: 3.25 to 3.41) in women and 2.84 (95% CI: 2.78 to 2.90) in men if AF antedated HF, 3.45 (95% CI: 3.37 to 3.56) in women versus 2.76 (95% CI: 2.69 to 2.83) in men when AF and HF were diagnosed concomitantly, and 4.85 (95% CI: 4.73 to 4.97) in women versus 3.89 (95% CI: 3.80 to 3.98) in men when AF developed after HF. Compared with rate control for AF, a rhythm-controlling strategy was associated with lowered mortality in inverse probability-weighted models across all strata and in both sexes (hazard ratio: 0.75 to 0.83), except for women who developed AF after HF onset (hazard ratio: 1.03).CONCLUSIONS: More than half of all men and women with HF will develop AF during their clinical course, with prognosis associated with AF being worse in women than men. Further studies are needed to understand the underlying mechanisms.

KW - atrial fibrillation

KW - epidemiology

KW - heart failure

KW - mortality

KW - rhythm controlling strategy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85117321212&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jacep.2021.02.021

DO - 10.1016/j.jacep.2021.02.021

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33933409

VL - 7

SP - 1366

EP - 1375

JO - JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology

JF - JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology

SN - 2405-5018

IS - 11

ER -

ID: 68135994