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Self-Reported Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Patients with Lacunar Stroke

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BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a major modifiable risk factor for stroke. The aim was to explore if stroke patients admitted with lacunar stroke adhere to the international recommendations on physical activity prestroke (≥150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity, or ≥75 minutes of vigorous-intensity activity, or an equivalent combination). Further, to assess association between prestroke physical activity and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors.

METHODS: A cross-sectional study, including patients with lacunar stroke according to the Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment criteria. Data collected included prestroke physical activity using the self-reported Physical Activity Scale. Cardiorespiratory fitness was estimated as the power output from the Graded Cycling Test with Talk Test and sociodemographic factors including age, sex, education, and CVD risk factors including pre-existing diabetes, history of hypertension, body mass index, and lipids were assessed.

RESULTS: We included 19 women and 52 men (mean age 64 years). Overall, 79% of the recruited patients adhered to the physical activity recommendations prestroke, but only 35% did vigorous-intensity activity. Prestroke physical activity was associated with a history of hypertension.

CONCLUSIONS: A high proportion of the lacunar stroke patients reported to adhere to the recommendations on physical activity prestroke; however, only one third engaged in vigorous-intensity activity. Studies are warranted to investigate if vigorous-intensity activity is effective as secondary prevention in patients with a lacunar stroke.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association
Volume28
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)2168-2176
ISSN1052-3057
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

ID: 57776640