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Rubidium-82 PET imaging is feasible in a rat myocardial infarction model

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Background: Small-animal myocardial infarct models are frequently used in the assessment of new cardioprotective strategies. A validated quantification of perfusion using a non-cyclotron-dependent PET tracer would be of importance in monitoring response to therapy. We tested whether myocardial PET perfusion imaging is feasible with Rubidium-82 ( 82Rb) in a small-animal scanner using a rat myocardial infarct model. Methods: 18 Sprague-Dawley rats underwent permanent coronary artery ligation (infarct group), and 11 rats underwent ischemia-reperfusion (reperfusion group) procedure. 82Rb-PET and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were conducted before and after the intervention. Perfusion was compared to both left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) and infarct size assessed by MRI. Results: Follow-up global 82Rb-uptake correlated significantly with infarct size (infarct group: r = −0.81, P < 0.001 and reperfusion group: r = −0.61, P = 0.04). Only 82Rb-uptake in the infarct group correlated with LVEF. At follow-up, a higher segmental 82Rb-uptake in the infarct group was associated with better wall motion (β = 0.034, CI [0.028;0.039], P < 0.001, R 2 = 0.30), and inversely associated with scar transmurality (β = −2.4 [−2.6; −2.2], P < 0.001, R 2 = 0.59). The associations were similar for the reperfusion group. Conclusion: 82Rb-PET is feasible in small animal scanners despite the long positron range and enables fast and time-efficient myocardial perfusion imaging in rat models.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of nuclear cardiology : official publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Volume26
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)798-809
Number of pages12
ISSN1071-3581
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Research areas

  • Journal Article

ID: 52703331