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Role of TPMT and ITPA variants in mercaptopurine disposition

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@article{07548a63aca14a129626f28dcb80a851,
title = "Role of TPMT and ITPA variants in mercaptopurine disposition",
abstract = "PURPOSE: To explore the levels of thioguanine incorporated into DNA (DNA-TG), and erythrocyte levels of 6-thioguanine nucleotides (Ery-TGN) and methylated metabolites (Ery-MeMP) during 6-mercaptopurine (6MP)/Methotrexate (MTX) therapy of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and the relation to inosine triphosphatase (ITPA) and thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) gene variants.METHODS: Blood samples were drawn during 6MP/MTX maintenance therapy from 132 children treated for ALL at Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen. The samples were analysed for thiopurine metabolites and compared to TPMT (rs1800460 and rs1142345) and ITPA (rs1127354) genotypes.RESULTS: Median DNA-TG (mDNA-TG) levels were higher in TPMT and ITPA low-activity patients as compared to wildtype patients (TPMTLA 549 vs. 364 fmol/µg DNA, p = 0.007, ITPALA 465 vs. 387 fmol/µg DNA, p = 0.04). mDNA-TG levels were positively correlated to median Ery-TGN (mEry-TGN)(rs = 0.37, p = 0.001), but plateaued at higher mEry-TGN levels. DNA-TG indices (mDNA-TG/mEry-TGN) were 42{\%} higher in TPMTWT patients as compared to TPMTLA patients but no difference in DNA-TG indices was observed between ITPAWT and ITPALA patients (median 1.7 vs. 1.6 fmol/µg DNA/ nmol/mmol Hb, p = 0.81). DNA-TG indices increased with median Ery-MeMP (mEry-MeMP) levels (rs = 0.25, p = 0.001).CONCLUSIONS: TPMT and ITPA genotypes significantly influence the metabolism of 6MP. DNA-TG may prove to be a more relevant pharmacokinetic parameter for monitoring 6MP treatment intensity than cytosolic metabolites. Prospective trials are needed to evaluate the usefulness of DNA-TGN for individual dose adjustments in childhood ALL maintenance therapy.",
author = "Tina Gerbek and Maria Ebbesen and Jacob Nersting and Frandsen, {Thomas L} and Appell, {Malin Lindqvist} and Kjeld Schmiegelow",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1007/s00280-018-3525-8",
language = "English",
volume = "81",
pages = "579--586",
journal = "Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology",
issn = "0344-5704",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Role of TPMT and ITPA variants in mercaptopurine disposition

AU - Gerbek, Tina

AU - Ebbesen, Maria

AU - Nersting, Jacob

AU - Frandsen, Thomas L

AU - Appell, Malin Lindqvist

AU - Schmiegelow, Kjeld

PY - 2018/3

Y1 - 2018/3

N2 - PURPOSE: To explore the levels of thioguanine incorporated into DNA (DNA-TG), and erythrocyte levels of 6-thioguanine nucleotides (Ery-TGN) and methylated metabolites (Ery-MeMP) during 6-mercaptopurine (6MP)/Methotrexate (MTX) therapy of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and the relation to inosine triphosphatase (ITPA) and thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) gene variants.METHODS: Blood samples were drawn during 6MP/MTX maintenance therapy from 132 children treated for ALL at Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen. The samples were analysed for thiopurine metabolites and compared to TPMT (rs1800460 and rs1142345) and ITPA (rs1127354) genotypes.RESULTS: Median DNA-TG (mDNA-TG) levels were higher in TPMT and ITPA low-activity patients as compared to wildtype patients (TPMTLA 549 vs. 364 fmol/µg DNA, p = 0.007, ITPALA 465 vs. 387 fmol/µg DNA, p = 0.04). mDNA-TG levels were positively correlated to median Ery-TGN (mEry-TGN)(rs = 0.37, p = 0.001), but plateaued at higher mEry-TGN levels. DNA-TG indices (mDNA-TG/mEry-TGN) were 42% higher in TPMTWT patients as compared to TPMTLA patients but no difference in DNA-TG indices was observed between ITPAWT and ITPALA patients (median 1.7 vs. 1.6 fmol/µg DNA/ nmol/mmol Hb, p = 0.81). DNA-TG indices increased with median Ery-MeMP (mEry-MeMP) levels (rs = 0.25, p = 0.001).CONCLUSIONS: TPMT and ITPA genotypes significantly influence the metabolism of 6MP. DNA-TG may prove to be a more relevant pharmacokinetic parameter for monitoring 6MP treatment intensity than cytosolic metabolites. Prospective trials are needed to evaluate the usefulness of DNA-TGN for individual dose adjustments in childhood ALL maintenance therapy.

AB - PURPOSE: To explore the levels of thioguanine incorporated into DNA (DNA-TG), and erythrocyte levels of 6-thioguanine nucleotides (Ery-TGN) and methylated metabolites (Ery-MeMP) during 6-mercaptopurine (6MP)/Methotrexate (MTX) therapy of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and the relation to inosine triphosphatase (ITPA) and thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) gene variants.METHODS: Blood samples were drawn during 6MP/MTX maintenance therapy from 132 children treated for ALL at Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen. The samples were analysed for thiopurine metabolites and compared to TPMT (rs1800460 and rs1142345) and ITPA (rs1127354) genotypes.RESULTS: Median DNA-TG (mDNA-TG) levels were higher in TPMT and ITPA low-activity patients as compared to wildtype patients (TPMTLA 549 vs. 364 fmol/µg DNA, p = 0.007, ITPALA 465 vs. 387 fmol/µg DNA, p = 0.04). mDNA-TG levels were positively correlated to median Ery-TGN (mEry-TGN)(rs = 0.37, p = 0.001), but plateaued at higher mEry-TGN levels. DNA-TG indices (mDNA-TG/mEry-TGN) were 42% higher in TPMTWT patients as compared to TPMTLA patients but no difference in DNA-TG indices was observed between ITPAWT and ITPALA patients (median 1.7 vs. 1.6 fmol/µg DNA/ nmol/mmol Hb, p = 0.81). DNA-TG indices increased with median Ery-MeMP (mEry-MeMP) levels (rs = 0.25, p = 0.001).CONCLUSIONS: TPMT and ITPA genotypes significantly influence the metabolism of 6MP. DNA-TG may prove to be a more relevant pharmacokinetic parameter for monitoring 6MP treatment intensity than cytosolic metabolites. Prospective trials are needed to evaluate the usefulness of DNA-TGN for individual dose adjustments in childhood ALL maintenance therapy.

U2 - 10.1007/s00280-018-3525-8

DO - 10.1007/s00280-018-3525-8

M3 - Journal article

VL - 81

SP - 579

EP - 586

JO - Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology

JF - Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology

SN - 0344-5704

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 56423087