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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Risk of recurrence and long-term mortality following radical cystectomy for bladder cancer

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PURPOSE: To investigate the risk of recurrence and long-term mortality after radical cystectomy (RC) for bladder cancer (BC) at a high-volume tertiary referral center in Denmark over 19 years.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing RC between the 1st of January 2000 to 31st of December 2018 were included. Patient data were manually retrieved from electronic patient files. Follow-up ended 18th of May 2020. Cumulative incidences were used to assess risk of recurrence and mortality using competing risk modelling. Cause-specific Cox regression models were used for multivariable analysis.

RESULTS: A total of 1267 patients underwent RC of which 1042 were eligible for analysis. Overall mortality was 40% and 56% after 5 and 10 years, respectively. The cumulative incidence of recurrence and BC specific mortality was high within the first 2 years. Only 3.2% of the patients with recurrence were alive at the end of follow-up. The cumulative incidence of BC mortality after 5 years was 6.7% (95% CI 3.6-9.9) and 10% (95% CI 6.8-14) for patients with ≤ pT1bN0 and pT2N0, respectively. For patients with lymph node positive disease the cumulative incidence of BC mortality after 5 years was 65% (95% CI 58-71).

CONCLUSIONS: We found a significant risk of recurrence and disease-specific mortality following RC for BC, especially within the first 2 years following surgery. Our data seem comparable to other large cohorts. The chance of long-term survival following recurrence is low and there is a continuous need to improve adjuvant or salvage strategies following RC.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Urology
Volume56
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)149-154
Number of pages6
ISSN2168-1805
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

    Research areas

  • Cystectomy/adverse effects, Female, Humans, Male, Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/epidemiology, Retrospective Studies, Treatment Outcome, Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology, Urinary Bladder/pathology

ID: 74975744