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Risk of incarceration in children with inguinal hernia: a systematic review

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@article{3b44031b847145a2868573d72b58db7a,
title = "Risk of incarceration in children with inguinal hernia: a systematic review",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Surgical repair is recommended for all children with inguinal hernia due to fear of incarceration. The aim of this study was to assess the risk of incarceration and strangulation of inguinal hernias in children treated with delayed surgery or no surgery.METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in three databases. We included studies reporting on children with inguinal hernia, with the majority ≤ 10 years old. The interventions were non-acute inguinal hernia surgery or no surgery. The main outcomes were incarceration and strangulation. Secondary outcomes were postoperative complications. Randomized controlled trials, non-randomized controlled trials, and observational studies were included.RESULTS: We included 22 studies with 14,959 children. All studies reported on elective repairs. None of the studies specifically reported on watchful waiting. Of the studies reporting wait time as mean or median, the median wait time was 46 days (range 1-552). The crude incarceration rate across the included studies was 7{\%} for all children and 11{\%} for preterm children. The testicular atrophy rate was 1{\%} and the recurrence rate was 1{\%}.CONCLUSIONS: The risk of incarceration in children awaiting inguinal hernia surgery is substantial. In general, we cannot support delaying surgery unnecessarily. However, there may be benefits of delaying surgery in individual cases. In such cases, the surgeon should assess if the benefits may overrule the risk of incarceration.",
author = "Olesen, {C S} and Mortensen, {L Q} and S {\"O}berg and J Rosenberg",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1007/s10029-019-01877-0",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "245--254",
journal = "Hernia",
issn = "1265-4906",
publisher = "Springer France",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk of incarceration in children with inguinal hernia

T2 - a systematic review

AU - Olesen, C S

AU - Mortensen, L Q

AU - Öberg, S

AU - Rosenberg, J

PY - 2019/4

Y1 - 2019/4

N2 - BACKGROUND: Surgical repair is recommended for all children with inguinal hernia due to fear of incarceration. The aim of this study was to assess the risk of incarceration and strangulation of inguinal hernias in children treated with delayed surgery or no surgery.METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in three databases. We included studies reporting on children with inguinal hernia, with the majority ≤ 10 years old. The interventions were non-acute inguinal hernia surgery or no surgery. The main outcomes were incarceration and strangulation. Secondary outcomes were postoperative complications. Randomized controlled trials, non-randomized controlled trials, and observational studies were included.RESULTS: We included 22 studies with 14,959 children. All studies reported on elective repairs. None of the studies specifically reported on watchful waiting. Of the studies reporting wait time as mean or median, the median wait time was 46 days (range 1-552). The crude incarceration rate across the included studies was 7% for all children and 11% for preterm children. The testicular atrophy rate was 1% and the recurrence rate was 1%.CONCLUSIONS: The risk of incarceration in children awaiting inguinal hernia surgery is substantial. In general, we cannot support delaying surgery unnecessarily. However, there may be benefits of delaying surgery in individual cases. In such cases, the surgeon should assess if the benefits may overrule the risk of incarceration.

AB - BACKGROUND: Surgical repair is recommended for all children with inguinal hernia due to fear of incarceration. The aim of this study was to assess the risk of incarceration and strangulation of inguinal hernias in children treated with delayed surgery or no surgery.METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in three databases. We included studies reporting on children with inguinal hernia, with the majority ≤ 10 years old. The interventions were non-acute inguinal hernia surgery or no surgery. The main outcomes were incarceration and strangulation. Secondary outcomes were postoperative complications. Randomized controlled trials, non-randomized controlled trials, and observational studies were included.RESULTS: We included 22 studies with 14,959 children. All studies reported on elective repairs. None of the studies specifically reported on watchful waiting. Of the studies reporting wait time as mean or median, the median wait time was 46 days (range 1-552). The crude incarceration rate across the included studies was 7% for all children and 11% for preterm children. The testicular atrophy rate was 1% and the recurrence rate was 1%.CONCLUSIONS: The risk of incarceration in children awaiting inguinal hernia surgery is substantial. In general, we cannot support delaying surgery unnecessarily. However, there may be benefits of delaying surgery in individual cases. In such cases, the surgeon should assess if the benefits may overrule the risk of incarceration.

U2 - 10.1007/s10029-019-01877-0

DO - 10.1007/s10029-019-01877-0

M3 - Review

VL - 23

SP - 245

EP - 254

JO - Hernia

JF - Hernia

SN - 1265-4906

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 57443046