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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Risk of CIN2+ following a diagnosis of genital warts: a nationwide cohort study

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OBJECTIVES: Individuals with genital warts may be particularly susceptible to human papillomavirus since they have failed to clear the virus. Consequently, women with genital warts could be at increased risk of cervical dysplasia. In this cohort study we aimed to compare the incidence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN2+) in women with a diagnosis of genital warts with that of the general female population without genital warts.

METHODS: Using the Danish nationwide population-based health data registers, we identified women between 15 and 45 years and followed them for diagnoses of CIN2+ from 1995 to 2006. Genital wart diagnoses were recorded from birth, and Cox regression with attained age as underlying scale was used to estimate age-dependent HRs for the risk of CIN2+ with genital warts as a time-varying exposure.

RESULTS: Among 918 609 women without genital warts and 32 218 women with genital warts, 30 209 and 1533 women, respectively, had a subsequent diagnosis of CIN2+. A significantly higher risk of CIN2+ was found among women with genital warts relative to those without (HR, 2.43; 95% CI 2.30 to 2.56). Treatment-resistant genital warts posed a significantly higher risk of CIN2+ than did transient genital warts (HR, 1.20; 95% CI 1.01 to 1.43). The risks remained elevated more than 4 years after the genital wart diagnosis.

CONCLUSION: Clinicians should ensure that women with genital warts are screened for cervical cancer after the genital wart diagnosis and that they continue to be screened on time.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSexually Transmitted Infections
Volume95
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)614-618
Number of pages5
ISSN1368-4973
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

    Research areas

  • anogenital cancer, cervical cytology, epidemiology (general), genital warts, hpv

ID: 58438902