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Risk of arrhythmias after myocardial infarction in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction according to mode of revascularization: a Cardiac Arrhythmias and RIsk Stratification after Myocardial infArction (CARISMA) substudy

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AIMS: The Cardiac Arrhythmias and RIsk Stratification after Myocardial infArction (CARISMA) study was an observational trial including 312 patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <40%. Primary percutaneous intervention (pPCI) was introduced 2 years after start of the enrolment, dividing the population into two groups: pre- and post-pPCI. This substudy sought to describe the influence of the mode of revascularization on long-term risk of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF), bradyarrhythmia, and ventricular tachycardia and the subsequent risk of relevant major cardiovascular events (MACE).

METHODS AND RESULTS: The study included the 268 patients without a history of AF. All patients received an implantable cardiac monitor (ICM) and were followed for 2 years. The choice of revascularization was made by the treating team independently of the trial and retrospectively divided into pPCI, subacute PCI, primary thrombolysis, or no revascularization. Endpoints were new-onset arrhythmia and MACE.A total of 77 patients received no revascularization, whereas 49 received thrombolysis only and 142 received any PCI. The adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for developing any arrhythmia and the subsequently risk of MACE were increased in non-revascularized or thrombolysed patients compared with PCI-patients (any arrhythmia, non-revascularization: HR = 1.7, P = 0.01 and thrombolysis: HR = 1.6, P = 0.05; MACE, non-revascularization: HR = 3.1, P = 0.05 and thrombolysis: HR = 3.1, P = 0.08). All HRs were adjusted for significant baseline and clinically considered covariates and stratified for calendar year.

CONCLUSION: This study is the first to demonstrate that the long-term risk of arrhythmia documented by an ICM and the subsequent risk of MACE were increased in non-revascularized or thrombolysed patients compared with PCI-patients in a post-MI population with LVEF <40%.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology
Volume23
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)616-623
Number of pages8
ISSN1099-5129
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Apr 2021

ID: 61340502