3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIMS: Remote dielectric sensing (ReDS) enables quick estimation of lung fluid content. To examine if ReDS is superior to other methods in detecting acute heart failure.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We included consecutive patients with dyspnoea from the emergency departments at Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen, and performed ReDS, low-dose chest computed tomography (CT), echocardiogram, lung ultrasound, NT-Pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and a Boston score evaluation (chest X-ray and clinical signs). ReDS values >35% were used as a cut-off to diagnose pulmonary congestion. Acute heart failure was adjudicated by experts' review of health records but independently of ReDS values. Sub-analyses investigated ReDS in acute heart failure patients with congestion on CT. We included 97 patients within a median of 4.8 h from admittance: 25 patients (26%) were ReDS-positive and 39 (40%) had adjudicated acute heart failure (21 with and 18 without CT congestion). Heart failure patients had median ReDS 33%, left ventricular ejection fraction 48%, and NT-proBNP 2935 ng/L. A positive ReDS detected heart failure with 46% sensitivity, 88% specificity, and 71% accuracy. The AUC for ReDS was like the Boston score (P = 0.88) and the lung ultrasound score (P = 0.74). CT-congested heart failure patients had higher ReDS values than patients without heart failure (median 38 vs. 28%, P < 0.001). Heart failure patients without CT-congestion had ReDS values like patients without heart failure (mean 30 vs. 28%, P = 0.07).

CONCLUSION: ReDS detects acute heart failure similarly to the Boston score and lung ultrasound score, and ReDS primarily identifies the acute heart failure patients who have congestion on a chest CT.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberoeac073
JournalEuropean heart journal open
Volume2
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)oeac073
ISSN2752-4191
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • Acute decompensated heart failure
  • Dyspnoea
  • Remote dielectric sensing technology

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