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Reliability of cerebral autoregulation using different measures of perfusion pressure in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage

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Dynamic cerebral autoregulation to spontaneous fluctuations in cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) is often assessed by transcranial Doppler (TCD) in the time domain, yielding primarily the mean flow index (Mx), or in the frequency domain using transfer function analysis (TFA), yielding gain and phase. For both domains, the measurement of blood pressure is critical. This study assessed the inter-method reliability of dynamic cerebral autoregulation using three different methods of pressure measurement. In 39 patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, non-invasive arterial blood pressure (ABP), invasive ABP (measured in the radial artery) and CPP were recorded simultaneously with TCD. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to quantify reliability. Mx was higher when calculated using invasive ABP (0.39; 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 0.33; 0.44) compared to non-invasive ABP, and CPP. The overall ICC showed poor to good reliability (0.65; 95% CI: 0.11; 0.84; n = 69). In the low frequency domain, the comparison between invasively measured ABP and CPP showed good to excellent (normalized gain, ICC: 0.87, 95CI: 0.81; 0.91; n = 96; non-normalized gain: 0.89, 95% CI: 0.84; 0.92; n = 96) and moderate to good reliability (phase, ICC: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.55; 0.79; n = 96), respectively. Different methods for pressure measurement in the assessment of dynamic cerebral autoregulation yield different results and cannot be used interchangeably.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere15203
JournalPhysiological Reports
Volume10
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)e15203
ISSN2051-817X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

© 2022 The Authors. Physiological Reports published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of The Physiological Society and the American Physiological Society.

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