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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Release of tensile strain on engineered human tendon tissue disturbs cell adhesions, changes matrix architecture, and induces an inflammatory phenotype

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Mechanical loading of tendon cells results in an upregulation of mechanotransduction signaling pathways, cell-matrix adhesion and collagen synthesis, but whether unloading removes these responses is unclear. We investigated the response to tension release, with regard to matrix proteins, pro-inflammatory mediators and tendon phenotypic specific molecules, in an in vitro model where tendon-like tissue was engineered from human tendon cells. Tissue sampling was performed 1, 2, 4 and 6 days after surgical de-tensioning of the tendon construct. When tensile stimulus was removed, integrin type collagen receptors showed a contrasting response with a clear drop in integrin subunit α11 mRNA and protein expression, and an increase in α2 integrin mRNA and protein levels. Further, specific markers for tendon cell differentiation declined and normal tendon architecture was disturbed, whereas pro-inflammatory molecules were upregulated. Stimulation with the cytokine TGF-β1 had distinct effects on some tendon-related genes in both tensioned and de-tensioned tissue. These findings indicate an important role of mechanical loading for cellular and matrix responses in tendon, including that loss of tension leads to a decrease in phenotypical markers for tendon, while expression of pro-inflammatory mediators is induced.

Original languageEnglish
JournalP L o S One
Volume9
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)e86078
ISSN1932-6203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Research areas

  • Adolescent, Adult, Biological Markers, Cell Adhesion, Cellular Microenvironment, Collagen, Extracellular Matrix, Gene Expression Regulation, Humans, Inflammation, Inflammation Mediators, Integrins, Phenotype, Protein Subunits, RNA, Messenger, Stress, Mechanical, Tendons, Tensile Strength, Time Factors, Tissue Culture Techniques, Tissue Engineering, Tissue Scaffolds, Transforming Growth Factor beta1, Young Adult

ID: 44788356