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Reduced Plasma Amino Acid Levels During Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Are Associated with Systemic Inflammation and Treatment-Related Complications

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Patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are challenged by cytotoxic effects of the conditioning regimen, resulting in tissue damage, systemic inflammation, and increased metabolic demands for amino acids to regenerate damaged tissues, reconstitute hematopoietic cells, and establish antioxidant defenses. To date, few studies have addressed the role of plasma amino acid (PAA) levels during transplantation, and it remains unknown if amino acid deficiency can aggravate treatment-related morbidity. We determined plasma levels of the 23 human amino acids in 80 HSCT recipients (age 1.1 to 55.4 years) before conditioning and on days +7 and +21 post-transplant along with C-reactive protein (CRP) and IL-6 levels on day +7. Significant changes were observed in plasma concentrations of several human amino acids during HSCT. On day +7, numerous amino acids were inversely correlated with both CRP and IL-6, including glutamic acid, serine, alanine, glutamine, arginine, cysteine, glycine, histidine, lysine, tryptophan, threonine, taurine, proline, and methionine (r = -.22 to -.66; all P < .05). Patients who developed sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) had significantly lower mean total PAA levels compared with patients without SOS (2013 ng/L [95% confidence interval (CI), 1709 to 2318 ng/L] versus 2706 ng/L [95% CI, 2261 to 3150 ng/L]; P = .006), along with lower individual levels of glutamic acid, serine, arginine, glycine, lysine, valine, tryptophan, threonine, and proline on day +7 (all P < .05). Patients with severe acute graft-versus-host disease had a lower mean total PAA level (1922 ng/L [95% CI, 1738 to 2106 ng/L] versus 2649 ng/L [95% CI, 2244 to 3055 ng/L]; P = .014) and lower levels of serine, glutamine, cysteine, glycine, lysine, and threonine on day +7 (all P < .05). These results indicate a relationship between low concentrations of certain amino acids and the risk of treatment-related complications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)1432-1440
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Research areas

  • Acute graft-versus-host disease, Amino acids, Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome, Systemic inflammation

ID: 57404287