BACKGROUND: Anthracycline induced cardiotoxicity is well recognized but only few data exist in sarcoma patients. This study retrospectively aimed to analyze sequential Cadmium Zinc Telluride (CZT)-multigated equilibrium radionuclide angiography (ERNA) for monitoring left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and to assess the real-life incidence of cardiotoxicity in sarcoma patients receiving doxorubicin based chemotherapy.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on all sarcoma patients referred to Herlev University Hospital between 2012 and 2015. Cardiotoxicity was defined as a decline in LVEF of > 10% percentage point to a LVEF < 50% as compared to baseline. Early cardiotoxicity was defined as < 1 year and late cardiotoxicity as ≥ 1 year. Recovery of cardiotoxicity was defined as a LVEF ≥ 50%.
RESULTS: A total of 149 patients were referred, 75 (50%) sarcoma patients were included. The main reason for exclusion was that only one CZT-ERNA had been performed in 50 (68%) of the patients. Twenty-three (31%) of the patients experienced cardiotoxicity, 11 (48%) were female, mean age was 56.9 years. Early cardiotoxicity was observed in 16 (70%) of the patients and 11 (48%) experienced clinical symptoms of cardiotoxicity at diagnosis. Recovery of LVEF was seen in 12 (55%) of the patients and persistent recovery in 10 (45%). The diastolic blood pressure at baseline was positively and significantly associated with a higher risk of developing cardiotoxicity (Relative Risk (RR): 1.039 (95% CI= 1.001 - 1.079; p = 0.042)). The median survival was 1.4 years (range 0.5 - 2.2 years) for patients with metastatic disease versus 3.9 years (range 1.5 - 6.4 years) (p = 0.009) for localized disease at baseline.
CONCLUSION: Cardiotoxicity is a relative frequent complication in sarcoma patients treated with doxorubicin based chemotherapy and the diastolic blood pressure at baseline was significantly associated with a higher risk of developing cardiotoxicity.
- Breast Neoplasms/complications
- Doxorubicin/adverse effects
- Middle Aged
- Retrospective Studies
- Risk Factors
- Soft Tissue Neoplasms/complications
- Stroke Volume
- Ventricular Function, Left
- anthracycline and doxorubicin