BACKGROUND: Many interventional in-patient coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) trials assess primary outcomes through day 28 post-randomization. Since a proportion of patients experience protracted disease or relapse, such follow-up period may not fully capture the course of the disease, even when randomization occurs a few days after hospitalization.
METHODS: Among adults hospitalized with COVID-19 in eastern Denmark from 18 March 2020-12 January 2021 we assessed all-cause mortality, recovery, and sustained recovery 90 days after admission, and readmission and all-cause mortality 90 days after discharge. Recovery was defined as hospital discharge and sustained recovery as recovery and alive without readmissions for 14 consecutive days.
RESULTS: Among 3386 patients included in the study, 2796 (82.6%) reached recovery and 2600 (77.0%) achieved sustained recovery. Of those discharged from hospital, 556 (19.9%) were readmitted and 289 (10.3%) died. Overall, the median time to recovery was 6 days (interquartile range [IQR]: 3-10), and 19 days (IQR: 11-33) among patients in intensive care in the first 2 days of admission.
CONCLUSIONS: Postdischarge readmission and mortality rates were substantial. Therefore, sustained recovery should be favored to recovery outcomes in clinical COVID-19 trials. A 28-day follow-up period may be too short for the critically ill.
|Journal||Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America|
|Publication status||Published - 8 Feb 2023|
- sustained recovery
- postdischarge mortality