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Rationale and design of the PeriOperative ISchemic Evaluation-3 (POISE-3): a randomized controlled trial evaluating tranexamic acid and a strategy to minimize hypotension in noncardiac surgery

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  • Maura Marcucci
  • Thomas W Painter
  • David Conen
  • Kate Leslie
  • Vladimir V Lomivorotov
  • Daniel Sessler
  • Matthew T V Chan
  • Flavia K Borges
  • Maria J Martínez Zapata
  • C Y Wang
  • Denis Xavier
  • Sandra N Ofori
  • Giovanni Landoni
  • Sergey Efremov
  • Ydo V Kleinlugtenbelt
  • Wojciech Szczeklik
  • Denis Schmartz
  • Amit X Garg
  • Timothy G Short
  • Maria Wittmann
  • Christian S Meyhoff
  • Mohammed Amir
  • David Torres
  • Ameen Patel
  • Emmanuelle Duceppe
  • Kurtz Ruetzler
  • Joel L Parlow
  • Vikas Tandon
  • Michael K Wang
  • Edith Fleischmann
  • Carisi A Polanczyk
  • Raja Jayaram
  • Sergey V Astrakov
  • Mangala Rao
  • Tomas VanHelder
  • William K K Wu
  • Chao Chia Cheong
  • Sabry Ayad
  • Marat Abubakirov
  • Mikhail Kirov
  • Keyur Bhatt
  • Miriam de Nadal
  • Valery Likhvantsev
  • Pilar Paniagua Iglesisas
  • Hector J Aguado
  • Michael McGillion
  • Andre Lamy
  • Richard P Whitlock
  • Pavel Roshanov
  • David Stillo
  • Ingrid Copland
  • Jessica Vincent
  • Kumar Balasubramanian
  • Shrikant I Bangdiwala
  • Bruce Biccard
  • Andrea Kurz
  • Sadeesh Srinathan
  • Shirley Petit
  • John Eikelboom
  • Toby Richards
  • Peter L Gross
  • Pascal Alfonsi
  • Gordon Guyatt
  • Emily Belley-Cote
  • Jessica Spence
  • William McIntyre
  • Salim Yusuf
  • P J Devereaux
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BACKGROUND: For patients undergoing noncardiac surgery, bleeding and hypotension are frequent and associated with increased mortality and cardiovascular complications. Tranexamic acid (TXA) is an antifibrinolytic agent with the potential to reduce surgical bleeding; however, there is uncertainty about its efficacy and safety in noncardiac surgery. Although usual perioperative care is commonly consistent with a hypertension-avoidance strategy (i.e., most patients continue their antihypertensive medications throughout the perioperative period and intraoperative mean arterial pressures of 60 mmHg are commonly accepted), a hypotension-avoidance strategy may improve perioperative outcomes.

METHODS: The PeriOperative Ischemic Evaluation (POISE)-3 Trial is a large international randomized controlled trial designed to determine if TXA is superior to placebo for the composite outcome of life-threatening, major, and critical organ bleeding, and non-inferior to placebo for the occurrence of major arterial and venous thrombotic events, at 30 days after randomization. Using a partial factorial design, POISE-3 will additionally determine the effect of a hypotension-avoidance strategy versus a hypertension-avoidance strategy on the risk of major cardiovascular events, at 30 days after randomization. The target sample size is 10,000 participants. Patients ≥45 years of age undergoing noncardiac surgery, with or at risk of cardiovascular and bleeding complications, are randomized to receive a TXA 1 g intravenous bolus or matching placebo at the start and at the end of surgery. Patients, health care providers, data collectors, outcome adjudicators, and investigators are blinded to the treatment allocation. Patients on ≥ 1 chronic antihypertensive medication are also randomized to either of the two blood pressure management strategies, which differ in the management of patient antihypertensive medications on the morning of surgery and on the first 2 days after surgery, and in the target mean arterial pressure during surgery. Outcome adjudicators are blinded to the blood pressure treatment allocation. Patients are followed up at 30 days and 1 year after randomization.

DISCUSSION: Bleeding and hypotension in noncardiac surgery are common and have a substantial impact on patient prognosis. The POISE-3 trial will evaluate two interventions to determine their impact on bleeding, cardiovascular complications, and mortality.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03505723. Registered on 23 April 2018.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101
JournalTrials
Volume23
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)101
ISSN1745-6215
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

© 2022. The Author(s).

    Research areas

  • Antifibrinolytic Agents/adverse effects, Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control, Humans, Hypotension/chemically induced, Perioperative Care, Tranexamic Acid/adverse effects

ID: 77629597