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Questionnaire based evaluation of sexual life after laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis: A systematic review of prospective studies

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  • Cecilie Franck
  • Marlene Højhus Poulsen
  • Grigorios Karampas
  • Annamaria Giraldi
  • Martin Rudnicki
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INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis is a benign disease, which affects women of reproductive age. Laparoscopic excision of endometriotic implants is considered one of the most effective therapeutic options. The disease and its treatment can have major impact on psychosexual well-being but this is often overlooked as most studies focus on pain instead of sexuality in a holistic approach. The aim of this study was to review the current literature regarding the effect of laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis on quality of sexual life (QoSL).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Following the "Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses" guidelines we conducted a systematic review which involved searching PubMed and Embase databases for prospective studies evaluating the effect of laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis on QoSL, using validated questionnaires.

RESULTS: Of 357 papers, 17 were selected for full text evaluation. Twelve studies using seven different questionnaires fulfilled the inclusion criteria. All studies reported improvements in QoSL following laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis. A meta-analysis could not be done due to substantial heterogeneity among the included studies arising from differences in questionnaires, follow-up duration, stages of endometriosis, use of hormonal treatment and missing data.

CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic excision of endometriosis can improve QoSL. However, there is a need for randomized controlled trials based on a new validated questionnaire regarding specifically QoSL in association with endometriosis. As sexual functioning is a complex phenomenon driven by multiple physical, psychological and social factors, QoSL should be holistically evaluated by a team of different healthcare providers, implementing individualized treatment programs to every woman. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2018

ID: 53973318