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Quantitative fluorescence angiography detects dynamic changes in gastric perfusion

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INTRODUCTION: The use of Indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence angiography (ICG-FA) is an applied method to assess visceral perfusion during surgical procedures worldwide. Further development has entailed quantification of the fluorescence signal; however, whether quantified ICG-FA can detect intraoperative changes in perfusion after hemorrhage has not been investigated previously. In this study, we investigated whether a quantification method, developed and validated in our department (q-ICG), could detect changes in gastric perfusion induced by hemorrhage and resuscitation.

METHODS: Ten pigs were included in the study. Specific regions of interest of the stomach were chosen, and three q-ICG measurements of gastric perfusion obtained: 20 min after completion of the laparoscopic setup (baseline), after reducing the circulating blood volume by 30%, and after reinfusion of the withdrawn blood volume. Hemodynamic variables were recorded, and blood samples were collected every 10 min during the procedure.

RESULTS: The reduction in blood volume generated decreased gastric perfusion (q-ICG) from baseline (p = 0.023), and gastric perfusion subsequently increased (p < 0.001) after the reintroduction of the withdrawn blood volume. Cardiac output (CO) and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) shifted correspondingly and the gastric perfusion correlated to CO (r = 0.575, p = 0.001) and MAP (r = 0.436, p = 0.018).

CONCLUSION: We present a novel study showing that the q-ICG method can detect dynamic changes in local tissue perfusion induced by hemorrhage and resuscitation. As regional gastrointestinal perfusion may be significantly reduced, while hemodynamic variables such as MAP or heart rate remain stable, q-ICG may provide an objective, non-invasive method for detecting regional early ischemia, strengthening surgical decision making.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSurgical Endoscopy
Volume35
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)6786-6795
Number of pages10
ISSN0930-2794
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

    Research areas

  • Fluorescence angiography, Quantification, Gastric perfusion, Indocyanine green

ID: 61411932