Quality of life in patients with myositis is associated with functional capacity, body composition, and disease activity-Baseline data from a randomized controlled trial

Kasper Yde Jensen*, Per Aagaard, Charlotte Suetta, Jakob L Nielsen, Henrik D Schrøder, Charlotte Grønset, Casper Simonsen, Louise P Diederichsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential associations between functional capacity, muscle strength, body composition, and disease-related measures and quality of life in patients with myositis.

METHODS: Baseline measures of functional capacity (functional index 3 (FI3), 2-minute walk test (2MWT), timed up and go (TUG) and 30-s sit-to-stand (30-STS)), muscle strength (incl. leg and handgrip strength), maximal leg extensor power, body composition (appendicular lean mass, fat percentage/mass) and disease-related measures (disease activity & damage core sets) were examined for their associations with quality of life (physical- and mental component summary scores, Short Form 36 questionnaire (SF-36)) by means of Spearman's correlation analysis.

RESULTS: A total of 32 patients with myositis were included. Positive correlations between SF-36 physical component summary score (PCS) and FI3, 30-STS, TUG, 2MWT, leg extensor power, leg strength, bench press strength, and handgrip strength were observed. In contrast, fat percentage and fat mass correlated negatively with PCS. In disease-related measures, Extramuscular global assessment, health assessment questionnaire, physician global damage, and patient global damage scores were negatively associated with SF-36 PCS. No correlations to the mental component summary score of SF-36 were observed.

CONCLUSION: All measures of functional capacity were positively related to the SF-36 physical component summary score, indicating higher functional capacity positively affects quality of life in patients with myositis. Health assessment questionnaire and patient global damage scores demonstrated the strongest correlations with SF-36 physical component summary scores, further supporting these patient-reported outcomes as viable monitoring tools in patients with myositis.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere15132
JournalInternational Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Volume27
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)e15132
ISSN1756-1841
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Quality of Life
  • Hand Strength
  • Myositis
  • Muscle Strength/physiology
  • Body Composition

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