Quality of life and secondary outcomes for open versus robot-assisted radical cystectomy: a double-blinded, randomised feasibility trial

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: This study aims to examine quality of life (QoL) before and after radical cystectomy (RC) and compare robot-assisted laparoscopy with intracorporeal urinary diversion (iRARC) to open radical cystectomy (ORC).

METHODS: This study is a predefined secondary analysis of a single-centre, double-blinded, randomised feasibility trial. Fifty patients were randomly assigned to iRARC with ileal conduit (n = 25) or ORC with ileal conduit (n = 25). Patients were followed 90 days postoperatively. The primary outcome was patient-reported QoL using the EORTC Cancer-30 and muscle-invasive bladder cancer BLM-30 QoL questionnaires before and after RC. Differences between randomisation arms as well as changes over time were evaluated. Secondary outcomes included 30- and 90 day complication rates, 90 day readmission rates, and 90 day days-alive-and-out-of-hospital and their relationship to QoL.

RESULTS: All patients underwent the allocated treatment. We found no difference in QoL, complication rates, readmission rates, and days-alive-and-out-of-hospital between randomisation arms. An overall improvement in QoL was found in the following domains: future perspectives, emotional functioning, and social functioning. Sexual functioning worsened postoperatively. There was no association between having experienced a major complication or lengthy hospitalisation and worse postoperative QoL.

CONCLUSION: The QoL does not appear to depend on surgical technique. Apart from sexual functioning, patients report stable or improved QoL within the first 90 postoperative days.

Original languageEnglish
JournalWorld Journal of Urology
Volume40
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)1669-1677
Number of pages9
ISSN0724-4983
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Cystectomy/methods
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Humans
  • Postoperative Complications/etiology
  • Quality of Life
  • Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods
  • Robotics
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/etiology
  • Urinary Diversion/methods
  • Bladder cancer
  • Quality of life
  • Robotic surgery
  • Randomised controlled trial
  • Patient-reported outcomes
  • Radical cystectomy

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