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P-wave indices as predictors of atrial fibrillation

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BACKGROUND: P-wave duration (PDURATION ) and P-wave area (PAREA ) have been linked to risk of atrial fibrillation (AF), but they do not improve the efficacy of Framingham AF risk score. We suggest the incorporation of both variables in one index, the P-wave area/P-wave duration (PAREA/DURATION ) index, which may be considered an expression of the average amplitude of the P wave that reflects aspects of P-wave morphology.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic value of P-wave area/P-wave duration index (PAREA/DURATION index) in lead II together with other P-wave indices (PWIs) in incidence of AF in the Copenhagen Holter Study.

METHODS: The study included 632 men and women, between 55 and 75 years with no apparent heart disease or AF. Baseline standard 12-lead Electrocardiography (ECGs) were analyzed manually.

RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 14.7 (14.5;14.9) years. A total of 68 cases of AF and 233 cases of death were recorded. The restricted cubic spline method showed a U-shaped association between PAREA/DURATION and rate of AF. The lowest quintile of PAREA/DURATION index in lead II was associated with increased rate of AF, HR 2.80 (1.64-4.79). The addition of the new index to the Framingham model for AF improved the model in this population. The PAREA in lead II in its lowest quintile was also associated with increased rate of AF, HR 2.16 (1.25-3.75), but did not improve the Framingham model. PDURATION and P-wave terminal force (PTF) were not significantly associated with AF.

CONCLUSION: A flat P wave as expressed by a small PAREA/DURATION index in lead II is associated with increased rate of incident AF beyond known AF risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12751
JournalAnnals of noninvasive electrocardiology : the official journal of the International Society for Holter and Noninvasive Electrocardiology, Inc
Volume25
Issue number5
ISSN1542-474X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

    Research areas

  • atrial fibrillation, electrocardiography, P wave, P-wave indices

ID: 61665420