OBJECTIVES: To investigate psychosocial, sexual, reproductive and menopausal health in women with HIV (WWH) compared to women without HIV (WWOH) in Denmark.
DESIGN: A nationwide cross-sectional study.
METHODS: Data was retrieved from the SHARE study, a Danish nationwide cross-sectional survey examining psychosocial, sexual and reproductive health in people with HIV. Data from WWH, collected in 2021-2022, was matched 1:10 on age to a comparison group of WWOH from the nationally representative cohort study Project SEXUS. Associations between HIV status and psychosocial and sexual health outcomes were assessed by adjusted odds ratios (aOR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) obtained in logistic regression analyses controlling for potential confounding variables. The severity of menopausal symptoms in WWH was compared to published reference norms.
RESULTS: Among 144 WWH and 1440 WWOH, recurrent loneliness was significantly more common among WWH (aOR 2.22 [95% CI: 1.25-3.96]), and WWH had significantly fewer children and close friends (aOR 0.52 [95% CI: 0.28-0.96] for 3-9 vs. 0-2 close friends). Symptoms of anxiety and depression did not differ between groups. Lack of sexual desire (aOR 2.90 [95% CI: 1.29-6.50]), low FSFI-6 score indicating sexual dysfunction (aOR 3.40 [95% CI: 1.33-8.69]), lubrication dysfunction (aOR 8.24 [95% CI: 2.83-24.00]) and genital pain dysfunction (aOR 5.13 [95% CI: 1.26-20.86]) were significantly more common in WWH compared to WWOH. No differences were seen in menopausal characteristics.
CONCLUSIONS: WWH in Denmark have fewer children and close friends, and more often report recurrent loneliness, lacking sexual desire and sexual dysfunction compared to WWOH. No differences were evident in menopausal characteristics.
- mental health
- sexual health