We describe a married couple who both presented with hypertension and hypokalaemia. Both patients were diagnosed with pseudohyperaldosteronism triggered by the widely used antifungal drug itraconazole. This effect appears to be dose-dependent, where a daily intake of 100 mg itraconazole is enough to induce pseudohyperaldosteronism. Clinicians should be aware of pseudohyperaldosteronism as a possible adverse effect of itraconazole, and we recommend monitoring potassium levels and blood pressure in all patients receiving this drug over a longer period of time. Voriconazole is probably an alternative antifungal treatment to itraconazole but also with this drug potassium levels should be monitored.
- Antifungal Agents/adverse effects
- Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
- Itraconazole/adverse effects
- Voriconazole/adverse effects