Prophylactic treatment of breast implants with a solution of gentamicin, vancomycin and cefazolin antibiotics for women undergoing breast reconstructive surgery: protocol for a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (The BREAST-AB trial)

Mathilde Nejrup Hemmingsen, Andreas Larsen, Tim K Weltz, Mathias Ørholt, Sebastian Wiberg, Anne Karen Bennedsen, Camilla Bille, Lena Felicia Carstensen, Lisa Toft Jensen, Rikke Bredgaard, Vibeke Koudahl, Volker Jürgen Schmidt, Peter Vester-Glowinski, Lisbet Rosenkrantz Hölmich, Søren J Sørensen, Thomas Bjarnsholt, Tine Damsgaard, Mikkel Herly

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Periprosthetic infection is one of the most severe complications following implant-based breast reconstruction affecting 5%-10% of the women. Currently, many surgeons apply antibiotics locally on the breast implant to reduce the risk of postoperative infection, but no randomised, placebo-controlled trials have tested the treatment's efficacy.

METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The BREAST-AB trial (BREAST-AntiBiotics) is an investigator-initiated, multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial of local treatment with gentamicin, vancomycin and cefazolin on breast implants in women undergoing implant-based breast reconstruction. The trial drug consists of 80 mg gentamicin, 1 g vancomycin and 1 g cefazolin dissolved in 500 mL of isotonic saline. The placebo solution consists of 500 mL isotonic saline. The trial drug is used to wash the dissected tissue pocket and the breast implant prior to insertion. The primary outcome is all-cause explantation of the breast implant within 180 days after the breast reconstruction surgery. This excludes cases where the implant is replaced with a new permanent implant, for example, for cosmetic reasons. Key long-term outcomes include capsular contracture and quality of life. The trial started on 26 January 2021 and is currently recruiting.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The trial was approved by the Regional Ethics Committee of the Capital Region (H-20056592) on 1 January 2021 and the Danish Medicines Agency (2020070016) on 2 August 2020. The main paper will include the primary and secondary outcomes and will be submitted to an international peer-reviewed journal.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04731025.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere058697
JournalBMJ Open
Volume12
Issue number9
ISSN2044-6055
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Sept 2022

Keywords

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
  • Breast Implants/adverse effects
  • Cefazolin/therapeutic use
  • Female
  • Gentamicins/therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Mammaplasty
  • Quality of Life
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Vancomycin/therapeutic use

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