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Prognostic impact of Charlson's Age-Comorbidity Index and other risk factors in patients with pancreatic cancer

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@article{88b6f3cff0774082b4df7e449108f8b3,
title = "Prognostic impact of Charlson's Age-Comorbidity Index and other risk factors in patients with pancreatic cancer",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: Few studies have evaluated the impact of risk factors and comorbidity on overall survival (OS) in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The aim was to investigate the prognostic importance of Charlson's age-comorbidity index (CACI) and other risk factors on prognosis in a clinical real-world cohort of PDAC patients.METHODS: A total of 1,159 patients with PDAC who had received at least one cycle of adjuvant or palliative chemotherapy were included from the Danish BIOPAC study. We analysed OS according to CACI, tobacco smoking, alcohol intake, performance status (PS), BMI and diabetes. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95{\%} confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated for OS using Cox proportional hazards regression.RESULTS: At the end of follow-up, 994 (86{\%}) patients had died. The median OS was 298 days for all patients (range 3-3010) and shortest in patients with stage IV. No association with short OS was seen for CACI > 2, diabetes, alcohol abuse, tobacco smoking, hypertension, and high BMI. Multivariate analysis showed that stage (IV vs. I: HR = 9.05, 95{\%} CI 5.17-15.84), PS (2 vs. 0: HR = 3.67, 2.92-4.61) and treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (yes vs. no: HR = 1.31, 1.06-1.61) were independent negative prognostic factors.CONCLUSIONS: We found that CACI, diabetes, tobacco smoking, alcohol abuse, hypertension, and high BMI were not associated with OS in a real-world cohort of patients with PDAC treated with chemotherapy. Only stage and PS were prognostic parameters.",
keywords = "Age-Comorbidity Index, BMI, Charlson, diabetes, pancreatic cancer, risk factors, survival",
author = "Karin Bagni and Chen, {Inna M} and Johansen, {Astrid Z} and Christian Dehlendorff and Jensen, {Benny V} and Hansen, {Carsten P} and {Preus Hasselby}, Jane and Holl{\"a}nder, {Niels H} and Mette Nissen and Bjerregaard, {Jon K} and Per Pfeiffer and Yilmaz, {Mette K} and Rasmussen, {Louise S} and Nielsen, {Svend E} and Johansen, {Julia S}",
note = "{\circledC} 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
year = "2020",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1111/ecc.13219",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "e13219",
journal = "European Journal of Cancer Care Online",
issn = "1365-2354",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prognostic impact of Charlson's Age-Comorbidity Index and other risk factors in patients with pancreatic cancer

AU - Bagni, Karin

AU - Chen, Inna M

AU - Johansen, Astrid Z

AU - Dehlendorff, Christian

AU - Jensen, Benny V

AU - Hansen, Carsten P

AU - Preus Hasselby, Jane

AU - Holländer, Niels H

AU - Nissen, Mette

AU - Bjerregaard, Jon K

AU - Pfeiffer, Per

AU - Yilmaz, Mette K

AU - Rasmussen, Louise S

AU - Nielsen, Svend E

AU - Johansen, Julia S

N1 - © 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2020/5

Y1 - 2020/5

N2 - OBJECTIVES: Few studies have evaluated the impact of risk factors and comorbidity on overall survival (OS) in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The aim was to investigate the prognostic importance of Charlson's age-comorbidity index (CACI) and other risk factors on prognosis in a clinical real-world cohort of PDAC patients.METHODS: A total of 1,159 patients with PDAC who had received at least one cycle of adjuvant or palliative chemotherapy were included from the Danish BIOPAC study. We analysed OS according to CACI, tobacco smoking, alcohol intake, performance status (PS), BMI and diabetes. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated for OS using Cox proportional hazards regression.RESULTS: At the end of follow-up, 994 (86%) patients had died. The median OS was 298 days for all patients (range 3-3010) and shortest in patients with stage IV. No association with short OS was seen for CACI > 2, diabetes, alcohol abuse, tobacco smoking, hypertension, and high BMI. Multivariate analysis showed that stage (IV vs. I: HR = 9.05, 95% CI 5.17-15.84), PS (2 vs. 0: HR = 3.67, 2.92-4.61) and treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (yes vs. no: HR = 1.31, 1.06-1.61) were independent negative prognostic factors.CONCLUSIONS: We found that CACI, diabetes, tobacco smoking, alcohol abuse, hypertension, and high BMI were not associated with OS in a real-world cohort of patients with PDAC treated with chemotherapy. Only stage and PS were prognostic parameters.

AB - OBJECTIVES: Few studies have evaluated the impact of risk factors and comorbidity on overall survival (OS) in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The aim was to investigate the prognostic importance of Charlson's age-comorbidity index (CACI) and other risk factors on prognosis in a clinical real-world cohort of PDAC patients.METHODS: A total of 1,159 patients with PDAC who had received at least one cycle of adjuvant or palliative chemotherapy were included from the Danish BIOPAC study. We analysed OS according to CACI, tobacco smoking, alcohol intake, performance status (PS), BMI and diabetes. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated for OS using Cox proportional hazards regression.RESULTS: At the end of follow-up, 994 (86%) patients had died. The median OS was 298 days for all patients (range 3-3010) and shortest in patients with stage IV. No association with short OS was seen for CACI > 2, diabetes, alcohol abuse, tobacco smoking, hypertension, and high BMI. Multivariate analysis showed that stage (IV vs. I: HR = 9.05, 95% CI 5.17-15.84), PS (2 vs. 0: HR = 3.67, 2.92-4.61) and treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (yes vs. no: HR = 1.31, 1.06-1.61) were independent negative prognostic factors.CONCLUSIONS: We found that CACI, diabetes, tobacco smoking, alcohol abuse, hypertension, and high BMI were not associated with OS in a real-world cohort of patients with PDAC treated with chemotherapy. Only stage and PS were prognostic parameters.

KW - Age-Comorbidity Index

KW - BMI

KW - Charlson

KW - diabetes

KW - pancreatic cancer

KW - risk factors

KW - survival

U2 - 10.1111/ecc.13219

DO - 10.1111/ecc.13219

M3 - Journal article

VL - 29

SP - e13219

JO - European Journal of Cancer Care Online

JF - European Journal of Cancer Care Online

SN - 1365-2354

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 58982259