Print page Print page
Switch language
The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital

Prevalence of temporomandibular disorder in adult patients with chronic pain

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


  1. Health-related quality of life in tension-type headache: a population-based study

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Trajectories in severe persistent pain after groin hernia repair: a retrospective analysis

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Change in Editorship: A Tribute to the Outgoing Editor-in-Chief

    Research output: Contribution to journalEditorialResearchpeer-review

View graph of relations

Objectives Chronic pain patients often suffer in multiple locations. In health care, examinations of bodily pain usually do not include questions about temporomandibular disorders (TMD); hence TMD symptoms and potential comorbidities are not regularly assessed. Therefore, the primary aim was to evaluate the prevalence of TMD in patients referred to a pain rehabilitation clinic, and the secondary aim was to evaluate possible factors associated with TMD symptoms. Methods Consecutive chronic pain patients referred to the Pain Rehabilitation Clinic at the Umeå University Hospital in Sweden were included. TMD symptoms were assessed using three valid screening questions - 3Q/TMD. Pain sites, emotional distress, kinesiophobia, and demographics were obtained from the Swedish Quality Registry for Pain Rehabilitation. Results In total, 188 (144 women) chronic pain patients (mean age 41.8 years) were included. Of these, 123 (96 women) answered affirmatively to at least one of the 3Q/TMD. The relative risk of TMD symptoms among the patients with chronic pain, in comparison to the general population, was 7.1 (95% CI 5.9-8.4). Age was the only independent variable associated with TMD among the patients (p = 0.018). Conclusions The prevalence of TMD symptoms was higher in a chronic pain population compared to the general population. The 3Q/TMD questionnaire could be a suitable screening tool at pain rehabilitation clinics to identify patients for further examination of involvement of pain in the trigeminal region. Our results reinforce the clinical importance of paying attention to concurrent widespread pain and local TMD symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Pain
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)41-47
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

© 2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.

    Research areas

  • chronic pain, prevalence, temporomandibular disorders

ID: 62103445