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The Capital Region of Denmark - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Prevalence of skin tears in the extremities in inpatients at a hospital in Denmark

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The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of skin tears in the extremities and to explore factors associated with development of skin tears in inpatients at a Danish hospital. The study was designed as a point prevalence survey and included 202 patients in the age range 19-99 (mean: 70·7, SD: 16·5). The patients were assessed for presence of skin tears, numbers, locations and previous skin tears. Data were collected using a data collection sheet developed for a previous study. The survey team consisted of four specialist nurses. Data were collected over a period of 24 hours spread over 3 days. Of the 202 patients, 23 had skin tears, yielding a prevalence of 11·4%. In total, 40 skin tears were observed. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that previous skin tears (odds ratio (OR): 9·3, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2·6-33·4, P < 0·001), ecchymosis (OR: 5·6, CI: 1·4-23·2, P < 0·017) and risk of falling (OR: 3·8, CI: 1·2-12·0, P < 0·021) were significantly associated with development of skin tears. The prevalence of skin tears in this study (11·4%) matches other international observations. The following risk factors were recognised: previous skin tear, ecchymosis and risk of falling. These factors could be used to identify patients requiring prevention of skin tears.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Wound Journal
Volume15
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)212-217
Number of pages6
ISSN1742-4801
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018

    Research areas

  • Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Denmark/epidemiology, Extremities/injuries, Female, Hospitals/statistics & numerical data, Humans, Inpatients/statistics & numerical data, Lacerations/epidemiology, Male, Middle Aged, Odds Ratio, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Skin/injuries, Young Adult

ID: 56254345