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Prevalence of sarcopenia in a Danish geriatric out-patient population

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@article{5c2e465ef64241e982d30e61ba5da80d,
title = "Prevalence of sarcopenia in a Danish geriatric out-patient population",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of sarcopenia varies extensively depending on the definitions and studied populations. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of sarcopenia in a Danish geriatric out-patient population using criteria from the European Working Group on Sarcopenia (EWGSOP).METHODS: Patients referred to a geriatric out-patientclinic were included. Using the EWGSOP´s recommendations, appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM), hand-grip strength (HGS) and gait speed (ten-meter walk (GS)) were assessed. Skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) was calculated by ASM/height2 (kg/m2), and patients were classified with: no sarcopenia (normal SMI), pre-sarcopenia (reduced SMI, normal HGS and GS), sarcopenia (reduced SMI and reduced HGS or GS) or severe sarcopenia (reduced SMI, HGS and GS).RESULTS: A total of 189 patients were screened, 80 were included. In all, 12 (15{\%}) had severe sarcopenia, nine (11{\%}) sarcopenia, eight (10{\%}) pre-sarcopenia and 51 (64{\%}) no sarcopenia. Mean age was significantly higher in the SARC- group (sarcopenia and severe sarcopenia) than in the NOSARC-group (pre-sarcopenia and no sarcopenia) (p = 0.009), and BMI was significantly lower in the SARC-group (p < 0.0001). No difference was found in gender distribution (p = 0.729).CONCLUSIONS: 26{\%} of patients in a geriatric out-patient population had sarcopenia, which highlights that this is a common condition. Standard assessments can identify functional limitations, but not sarcopenia. The EWGSOP's recommendations are feasible, and we suggest that they should form part of the standard clinical comprehensive geriatric assessment.FUNDING: none.TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.",
keywords = "Absorptiometry, Photon, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Denmark/epidemiology, Female, Geriatric Assessment, Hand Strength, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Multivariate Analysis, Outpatients, Prevalence, Sarcopenia/epidemiology, Walking Speed",
author = "Christensen, {Mathilde Glud} and Piper, {Katrine Storm} and Rasmus Dreier and Charlotte Suetta and Andersen, {Hanne Elkj{\ae}r}",
note = "Articles published in the DMJ are “open access”. This means that the articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License, which permits any non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
language = "English",
volume = "65",
pages = "A5485",
journal = "Danish Medical Journal",
issn = "2245-1919",
publisher = "Almindelige Danske Laegeforening",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of sarcopenia in a Danish geriatric out-patient population

AU - Christensen, Mathilde Glud

AU - Piper, Katrine Storm

AU - Dreier, Rasmus

AU - Suetta, Charlotte

AU - Andersen, Hanne Elkjær

N1 - Articles published in the DMJ are “open access”. This means that the articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License, which permits any non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

PY - 2018/6

Y1 - 2018/6

N2 - INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of sarcopenia varies extensively depending on the definitions and studied populations. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of sarcopenia in a Danish geriatric out-patient population using criteria from the European Working Group on Sarcopenia (EWGSOP).METHODS: Patients referred to a geriatric out-patientclinic were included. Using the EWGSOP´s recommendations, appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM), hand-grip strength (HGS) and gait speed (ten-meter walk (GS)) were assessed. Skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) was calculated by ASM/height2 (kg/m2), and patients were classified with: no sarcopenia (normal SMI), pre-sarcopenia (reduced SMI, normal HGS and GS), sarcopenia (reduced SMI and reduced HGS or GS) or severe sarcopenia (reduced SMI, HGS and GS).RESULTS: A total of 189 patients were screened, 80 were included. In all, 12 (15%) had severe sarcopenia, nine (11%) sarcopenia, eight (10%) pre-sarcopenia and 51 (64%) no sarcopenia. Mean age was significantly higher in the SARC- group (sarcopenia and severe sarcopenia) than in the NOSARC-group (pre-sarcopenia and no sarcopenia) (p = 0.009), and BMI was significantly lower in the SARC-group (p < 0.0001). No difference was found in gender distribution (p = 0.729).CONCLUSIONS: 26% of patients in a geriatric out-patient population had sarcopenia, which highlights that this is a common condition. Standard assessments can identify functional limitations, but not sarcopenia. The EWGSOP's recommendations are feasible, and we suggest that they should form part of the standard clinical comprehensive geriatric assessment.FUNDING: none.TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.

AB - INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of sarcopenia varies extensively depending on the definitions and studied populations. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of sarcopenia in a Danish geriatric out-patient population using criteria from the European Working Group on Sarcopenia (EWGSOP).METHODS: Patients referred to a geriatric out-patientclinic were included. Using the EWGSOP´s recommendations, appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM), hand-grip strength (HGS) and gait speed (ten-meter walk (GS)) were assessed. Skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) was calculated by ASM/height2 (kg/m2), and patients were classified with: no sarcopenia (normal SMI), pre-sarcopenia (reduced SMI, normal HGS and GS), sarcopenia (reduced SMI and reduced HGS or GS) or severe sarcopenia (reduced SMI, HGS and GS).RESULTS: A total of 189 patients were screened, 80 were included. In all, 12 (15%) had severe sarcopenia, nine (11%) sarcopenia, eight (10%) pre-sarcopenia and 51 (64%) no sarcopenia. Mean age was significantly higher in the SARC- group (sarcopenia and severe sarcopenia) than in the NOSARC-group (pre-sarcopenia and no sarcopenia) (p = 0.009), and BMI was significantly lower in the SARC-group (p < 0.0001). No difference was found in gender distribution (p = 0.729).CONCLUSIONS: 26% of patients in a geriatric out-patient population had sarcopenia, which highlights that this is a common condition. Standard assessments can identify functional limitations, but not sarcopenia. The EWGSOP's recommendations are feasible, and we suggest that they should form part of the standard clinical comprehensive geriatric assessment.FUNDING: none.TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.

KW - Absorptiometry, Photon

KW - Aged

KW - Aged, 80 and over

KW - Denmark/epidemiology

KW - Female

KW - Geriatric Assessment

KW - Hand Strength

KW - Humans

KW - Logistic Models

KW - Male

KW - Multivariate Analysis

KW - Outpatients

KW - Prevalence

KW - Sarcopenia/epidemiology

KW - Walking Speed

M3 - Journal article

VL - 65

SP - A5485

JO - Danish Medical Journal

JF - Danish Medical Journal

SN - 2245-1919

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 56432266