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Preterm Birth Has Effects on Gut Colonization in Piglets Within the First 4 Weeks of Life

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Kamal, Shamrulazhar Shamzir ; Andersen, Anders Daniel ; Krych, Lukasz ; Lauridsen, Charlotte ; Sangild, Per Torp ; Thymann, Thomas ; Nielsen, Dennis Sandris. / Preterm Birth Has Effects on Gut Colonization in Piglets Within the First 4 Weeks of Life. In: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. 2019 ; Vol. 68, No. 5. pp. 727-733.

Bibtex

@article{c1db8a0139d747358f02b6ebcdc07900,
title = "Preterm Birth Has Effects on Gut Colonization in Piglets Within the First 4 Weeks of Life",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: Preterm neonates have an immature gastrointestinal tract and show an altered bacterial colonization of the gut. However, it is not clear if such immature gut microbiota (GM) colonization is induced by specific delivery, diet, environment, and/or host factors related to preterm birth. Using piglets as models for infants, we hypothesized that both shortened gestational age (GA) and start of enteral feeding affect GM composition after caesarean delivery and rearing in identical environments.METHODS: Caesarean-delivered preterm and term pigs were reared in incubators and fed total parenteral nutrition (TPN) or gradually increasing early enteral feeding (EEF) for 5 days, followed by full enteral feeding with bovine milk until day 26. GM composition was determined by 16S rRNA gene-amplicon sequencing and luminal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) by GC-MS.RESULTS: Both GA and EEF feeding affected GM composition on day 5, but only the GA effect persisted until day 26. On day 5, Enterobacteriaceae were dominant, with Lachnospiraceae members also being abundant. Enterobacteriaceae still dominated the GM at day 26 but with higher Akkermansia relative abundance in term pigs. Colonic concentrations of acetate and propionate were higher, and formate lower in term pigs, relative to preterm pigs on day 26.CONCLUSIONS: Preterm and term piglets, born and reared in similar ways, show differences in GM colonization during the first 4 weeks of life, which may play a role for early and later gut dysfunction resulting from preterm birth.",
author = "Kamal, {Shamrulazhar Shamzir} and Andersen, {Anders Daniel} and Lukasz Krych and Charlotte Lauridsen and Sangild, {Per Torp} and Thomas Thymann and Nielsen, {Dennis Sandris}",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1097/MPG.0000000000002259",
language = "English",
volume = "68",
pages = "727--733",
journal = "Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition",
issn = "0277-2116",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams & Wilkins",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preterm Birth Has Effects on Gut Colonization in Piglets Within the First 4 Weeks of Life

AU - Kamal, Shamrulazhar Shamzir

AU - Andersen, Anders Daniel

AU - Krych, Lukasz

AU - Lauridsen, Charlotte

AU - Sangild, Per Torp

AU - Thymann, Thomas

AU - Nielsen, Dennis Sandris

PY - 2019/5

Y1 - 2019/5

N2 - OBJECTIVES: Preterm neonates have an immature gastrointestinal tract and show an altered bacterial colonization of the gut. However, it is not clear if such immature gut microbiota (GM) colonization is induced by specific delivery, diet, environment, and/or host factors related to preterm birth. Using piglets as models for infants, we hypothesized that both shortened gestational age (GA) and start of enteral feeding affect GM composition after caesarean delivery and rearing in identical environments.METHODS: Caesarean-delivered preterm and term pigs were reared in incubators and fed total parenteral nutrition (TPN) or gradually increasing early enteral feeding (EEF) for 5 days, followed by full enteral feeding with bovine milk until day 26. GM composition was determined by 16S rRNA gene-amplicon sequencing and luminal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) by GC-MS.RESULTS: Both GA and EEF feeding affected GM composition on day 5, but only the GA effect persisted until day 26. On day 5, Enterobacteriaceae were dominant, with Lachnospiraceae members also being abundant. Enterobacteriaceae still dominated the GM at day 26 but with higher Akkermansia relative abundance in term pigs. Colonic concentrations of acetate and propionate were higher, and formate lower in term pigs, relative to preterm pigs on day 26.CONCLUSIONS: Preterm and term piglets, born and reared in similar ways, show differences in GM colonization during the first 4 weeks of life, which may play a role for early and later gut dysfunction resulting from preterm birth.

AB - OBJECTIVES: Preterm neonates have an immature gastrointestinal tract and show an altered bacterial colonization of the gut. However, it is not clear if such immature gut microbiota (GM) colonization is induced by specific delivery, diet, environment, and/or host factors related to preterm birth. Using piglets as models for infants, we hypothesized that both shortened gestational age (GA) and start of enteral feeding affect GM composition after caesarean delivery and rearing in identical environments.METHODS: Caesarean-delivered preterm and term pigs were reared in incubators and fed total parenteral nutrition (TPN) or gradually increasing early enteral feeding (EEF) for 5 days, followed by full enteral feeding with bovine milk until day 26. GM composition was determined by 16S rRNA gene-amplicon sequencing and luminal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) by GC-MS.RESULTS: Both GA and EEF feeding affected GM composition on day 5, but only the GA effect persisted until day 26. On day 5, Enterobacteriaceae were dominant, with Lachnospiraceae members also being abundant. Enterobacteriaceae still dominated the GM at day 26 but with higher Akkermansia relative abundance in term pigs. Colonic concentrations of acetate and propionate were higher, and formate lower in term pigs, relative to preterm pigs on day 26.CONCLUSIONS: Preterm and term piglets, born and reared in similar ways, show differences in GM colonization during the first 4 weeks of life, which may play a role for early and later gut dysfunction resulting from preterm birth.

U2 - 10.1097/MPG.0000000000002259

DO - 10.1097/MPG.0000000000002259

M3 - Journal article

VL - 68

SP - 727

EP - 733

JO - Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

JF - Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

SN - 0277-2116

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 59421582